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Today in WW II: 22 Aug 1942 Brazil joins the Allies, declares war on Germany and Italy; Brazilian Expeditionary Force [FEB] sent to fight in Italy from mid-1944 until the end of the war.   

Sikorsky CH-37 Mojave

The CH-37 Series Mojave medium cargo helicopter was initially procured in 1956 from Sikorsky (Model S-56) The CH-37A or CH-37B, with a crew of three, was a large medium lift transport helicopter with clam shell doors in the nose that provided access to a cargo compartment. The cargo hold could accommodate two jeeps, a light truck, or a 105mm howitzer (see photo loading M37 truck below). When configured for personnel, the Mojave could carry 26 troops or 24 litters in the MedEvac role.

The CH-37 had a single five-bladed main rotor and a metal four-bladed tail rotor. The CH-37A was powered by two Pratt & Whitney R-2800-50 1900 hp pistons engines while the CH-37B was powered by two Pratt & Whitney R-2800-54 2100 hp piston engines.

The Mojave was used by Army and Marine Corps in Korea and Vietnam for aircraft recovery, cargo, and artillery transport as well as MedEvac. The CH-37 was replaced by the CH-47 Chinook.

Sikorsky CH-37 Mojave Specifications and Performance

Rotor diameter72 ft. 1 in.
Length88 ft.
Height22 ft.
Weight21,000 max.
ArmamentNone
EngineVaries by model
Maximum speed131 mph
Range247 mi.
Service ceiling8,000 ft,

Sikorsky CH-37 Mojave loading an M-37 3/4 ton cargo truck
Sikorsky CH-37 Mojave loading an M-37 3/4 ton cargo truck.

Sikorsky CH-37 Mojave attempting to lift a downed CH-21 Shawnee from a rice paddy
Sikorsky CH-37 Mojave attempting to lift a downed CH-21 Shawnee from a rice paddy.

Sikorsky CH-37 Mojave helicopter
Sikorsky CH-37 Mojave helicopter.

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