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Dodge WC 3/4 Ton 4x4 Truck (G502)

The versatile Dodge 3/4 Ton 4x4 G502 WC series of trucks were built from 1942 to the end of World War II, with a total production of all types exceeding 260,000. The various G502 models -- Weapons Carrier, Panel, Command and Reconnaissance, Ambulance -- were very well received, continuing in service through the Korean War.

Dodge WC-51 3/4 ton Weapons Carriers (G502) loaded on a trailer for delivery, Dodge factory loading area, Detroit, MI vicinity, April 1943.
Dodge WC-51 3/4 ton Weapons Carriers (G502) loaded on a trailer for delivery, Dodge factory loading area, Detroit, MI vicinity, April 1943.

Today in WW II: 15 Sep 1944 US Marines invade Peleliu, beginning a long and tough battle to wrest the island from the Japanese [15 Sep-27 Nov].   

Truck, 3/4 ton, 4x4, Dodge WC (G502)

The G502 family of 3/4 ton, 4x4 WC trucks were built by Dodge during World War II, 1942-1945. The G502 series contained twelve individual models, produced by tens of thousands. The WC 3/4 ton trucks replaced the 1941-1942 WC 1/2 ton Dodge trucks. The 3/4 ton WC G502 were 80% interchangeable in service parts with the 1/2 ton WC models.

The highly successful 3/4 ton WC G502 trucks remained in use through the Korean War until replaced by the M-37 series 3/4 ton Dodge trucks in the early 1950s.

The Dodge 3/4 ton G502 model numbers range from WC-51 to WC-61 and WC-64 with differences in body type, winch provisioning, and other details as shown in the table. For photos and more information on the specific truck, click on the link in the table. Although often put forward as the explanation, WC does not stand for "weapons carrier." "WC" was a Dodge model code: W for 1941 (or later) plus C for half-ton rating. The "C" code was retained for the 3/4 ton and 1 1/2 ton Dodges, an inconsistency in the codes.

SNL G-657 Dodge Master Parts List

The many Dodge 3/4 ton 4x4 WC-series trucks were grouped under the engineering code T214. The code identified the engine used and other small production details.

The trucks were produced under War Department contracts which specified the serial numbers and U.S. Government registration numbers (Army hood number) of the vehicles produced. Therefore, if you have the serial or hood number you can say definitely what WC model you have.

Common specifications for the Dodge G502 series WC trucks:

  • Drive: 4x4
  • Transmission: 4fwd/1rev, manual
  • Transfer case: Single speed
  • Tires: 9.00x16
  • Engine: Dodge 230.2 cid, 6 cyl. T214, 76hp@3200rpm, 180ft-lb torque@1200rpm
  • Winch: Braden MU-2, 5000 or 7500 lb. cap. on equipped vehicles
  • Tires: 9.00x16
  • Engine: Dodge 230.2 cid, 6 cyl. T214, 76hp@3200rpm, 180ft-lb torque@1200rpm
  • Winch: Braden MU-2, 5000 or 7500 lb. cap. on equipped vehicles

Length, width, weight and other dimension vary by model. The WC54 Ambulance is longest at 194.5 in. The WC-64 Ambulance was heaviest at 7,000 lbs. net.

The December 1943 edition of the Dodge Master Parts List ORD SNL G-657, a book of more than 600 pages, lists all parts for all of the 3/4 ton G502 and other Dodge trucks. This book replaced an earlier volume TM 10-1199 from 1942. Information in the following table is extracted from ORD SNL G-657.

Model Winch Description Quantity
WC-51NoWeapons Carrier123,541
WC-52YesWeapons Carrier59,114
WC-53NoCarryall8,400
WC-54NoAmbulance29,502
WC-55NoGun Motor Carriage5,380
WC-56NoCommand/Reconnaissance Car21,156
WC-57YesCommand/Reconnaissance Car6,010
WC-58YesRadio Car2,344
WC-59NoTelephone Maintenance549
WC-60NoEmergency Repair Chassis300
WC-61NoLight Maintenance Truck607
WC-64NoKnock Down Ambulance3,500

Production quantities in the table are from ORD SNL G-657 supplemented by data from Chris Benedict's table in Army Motors, July 1979 and Doyle . During the produciton years of 1942-1945, a total of 260,403 Dodge 3/4 ton WC-series G502 vehicles were made.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the Dodge WC 3/4 Ton 4x4 Trucks at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

A soldier in a Dodge WC-56 Truck, Command Reconnaissance, 3/4 ton, 4x4 w/o winch  watches CPL Joseph F. Fox in a salvaged B-17 Plexiglass nose at a base in England, as he flashes the Go Light to ground traffic crossing the runway.  A military bicycle is leaning against the caravan trailer, at left.  Circa 1943-1944.
Testing of waterproofed Dodge WC-51 3/4 ton 4x4 weapons carrier at Aldermaston Court, England, for XIX Tactical Air Command, prior to the invasion of Normandy, 6 June 1944. Courtesy: Tactical Air Command  Photo Album.
At left, an American Army convoy passes through Republic Square, Cherbourg, France, circa August 1944.  Leading jeep is followed by a 3/4-ton Dodge WC-51 cargo truck (weapons carrier), with what appears to be a CCKW 2 1/2-ton truck further back.
Rows of Dodge WC-56 (or WC-57) command reconnaissance cars fresh from the production lines wait for final inspection before delivery to the War Department, Chrysler Corporation Dodge truck plant, Detroit, MI (vicinity), circa August 1942.
A column of Dodge WC-54 3/4-ton 4x4 ambulances on a road in Italy, circa 1944.
Dodge WC54 Truck, 3/4 ton, 4x4 Ambulances with an evacuation aircraft, North Africa, circa late 1942.

Dodge 3/4 ton WC G502 Manuals

This is a partial list of the manuals for the Dodge 3/4 ton 4x4 WC G502 trucks and related equipment.

  • TM 9-808 Operation and maintenance
  • TM 9-1808A Power plant
  • TM 9-1808B Power train, chassis and body
  • LO 9-808 Lube chart
  • ORD 7 G502/43 Basic parts and equipment, tools
  • ORD 9 G502 Complete parts listing
  • SNL G657, Dec 1943. Master Parts List covering Dodge trucks built for United States Army.

Find More Information on the Internet

There are many fine websites that have additional information on this topic, too many to list here and too many to keep up with as they come and go. Use this Google web search form to get an up to date report of what's out there.

For good results, try entering this: dodge g502 OR WC. Then click the Search button.

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