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Dodge WC 1/2 Ton 4x4 Truck (G505)

The lightweight and versatile Dodge half-ton 4x4 G505 WC series of trucks were built during 1941 and 1942. They were the first Dodge all-military design developed in the build-up to full mobilization for World War II. The various G505 models -- Pickup/Weapons Carrier, Panel, Command and Reconnaissance, Ambulance -- were carried over to the 3/4 ton G502 WC trucks that superseded the half-ton line in 1942.

Half-ton Command Cars in the final assembly operation section of the Dodge G505 assembly line, 1941 or 1942.
Half-ton Command Cars in the final assembly operation section of the Dodge G505 assembly line, 1941 or 1942.

Today in WW II: 27 Nov 1942 Operation Lila: German Army units reach Toulon, on the Mediterranean coast, to capture the Vichy French fleet based there.  More 
27 Nov 1942 French Navy at Toulon scuttles its ships and submarines to prevent German confiscation.
27 Nov 1944 Thousands of tons of ordnance explode at RAF Fauld underground munitions storage depot in Staffordshire, England, leaving about 75 dead and a huge crater.
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Truck, 1/2 ton, 4x4, Dodge WC (G505)

The G505 family of 1/2 ton, 4x4 WC trucks built by Dodge contained 38 individual models, some produced by the thousands and other models with only a few ever manufactured. The WC 1/2 ton trucks replaced the 1940 VC-1 to VC-6 1/2 ton Dodge trucks, also contained in the G505 series.

All of the G505 WC half-ton 4x4 vehicles were produced during 1941-1942 under War Department contracts, for a total of 79,771 trucks. While very successful, the 1/2 ton WC trucks were superseded in 1942 by the 3/4 ton G502 WC trucks, also from Dodge. The 1/2 ton WC G505 trucks remained in use to the end of World War II, 80% interchangeable in service parts with the 3/4 ton models.

The Dodge 1/2 ton model numbers range from WC-1 to WC-50 with differences in body type, engine, winch provisioning, and other details as shown in the table. For photos and more information on the specific truck, click on the link in the table. Although often put forward as the explanation, WC does not stand for "weapons carrier." "WC" was a Dodge model code: W for 1941 (or later) plus C for half-ton rating. The "C" code was retained for the 3/4 ton and 1 1/2 ton Dodges, an inconsistency in the codes.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the Dodge WC half-ton 4x4 trucks at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

Dodge WC 1/2-ton Command Reconnaissance Cars at the Dodge Lynch Road plant in Detroit, MI, ready for shipment to US Army posts throughout the country, circa 1941-42.
WC27 Truck, 1/2 ton, 4x4, Dodge Ambulance (G-505). Registration number W-75620 (and serial number 81510469) confirms WC-27 (1941 contract, delivered 4-42). Located at the Historic Aircraft Restoration Project (HARP) hangar, Floyd Bennett Field, Brooklyn, NY. Photo courtesy of Phil Gilson.
Officer candidates participate in application and inspection of preventive maintenance, Camp Barkeley, TX, 1943.  Vehicles appear to be Dodge 1/2-ton 4x4 Command Car and Ambulance.
Dodge WC-7 1/2 ton Command Car on the ALCAN (Alaska-Canada) Highway in 1942, one of the first U.S. Army vehicles to travel the partially finished highway.
Dodge WC-series 1/2 ton 4x4 Command Car with 1/2 4x4 cargo truck in background, 1941.
Dodge Truck, 1/2 ton, 4x4 G505 Carryall in use at an airfield in India, December 1942. The personnel are identified as Lt. Ronald J. Fruda, West Palm Beach, FL, Lt. Laurence D. Putnam, Portland, OR and radio operator Fishbaugh.

SNL G-657 Dodge Master Parts List

The many Dodge 1/2 ton 4x4 WC-series trucks were grouped under engineering codes such as T-207 or T-211. The codes identified the engine used and other small production details. Here is a chart of the G505 Engineering Codes:

CodeModel GroupCubic InHPTorqueNotes
T112WC36 to 39 & WC47 to 50218  4x2 trucks, fuel filler at low rear of driver door. Also Canadian.
T207WC1-11217.778@3000164@1200Civilian dash, Bendix-Weiss front axles
T211WC12-20217.778@3000164@1200Civilian dash, Larger rear brakes, Bendix-Weiss or Rzeppa front axles
T215WC21 to 27 & WC40 to 43230.299@3000184@1400Military dash, Larger rear brakes, Bendix-Weiss or Rzeppa front axles

The T211 engine was increased to 230.2 cu. in. during August 1941, but the T code number was not changed on affected models (e.g. WC-18). Data from John Zentmyer, Albert Williams (Army Motors #23), and other sources.

The trucks were produced under War Department contracts which specified the serial numbers and U.S. Government registration numbers (Army hood number) of the vehicles produced. Therefore, if you have the serial or hood number you can say definitely what WC model you have. Without one of the numbers, it can be very hard to distinguish one from another of the same body type if all you have is a photograph.

Common specifications for the Dodge G505 series WC trucks:

  • Drive: 4x4
  • Wheelbase: 116 in
  • Track width: 59.375 in
  • Tires: 7.50x16
  • Brakes: Hydraulic
  • Engine: 6 cyl, in-line, L-head
  • Transmission: 4fwd/1rev, manual
  • Transfer cas: Single speed

A few exceptions: The WC9/WC18/WC27 Ambulances and WC20/WC41 Emergency Repair Trucks had 123 in. wheelbase.

The December 1943 edition of the Dodge Master Parts List ORD SNL G-657, a book of more than 600 pages, lists all parts for all of the 1/2 ton G505 and other Dodge trucks. This book replaced an earlier volume TM 10-1199 from 1942. Information in the following table is extracted from ORD SNL G-657.

Model Eng Code Winch Description Quantity
WC-1T207NoClosed cab, express body, longitudinal troop seats2573
WC-3T207NoOpen cab, flat face cowl with express body and transverse seats7808
WC-4T207YesOpen cab, flat face cowl with express body and transverse seats5570
WC-5T207NoClosed cab with express body, less seats60
WC-6T207NoReconnaissance Car9365
WC-7T207YesReconnaissance Car1438
WC-8T207NoRadio body548
WC-10T207NoCarryall body1643
WC-11T207NoPanel body353
WC-12T211NoClosed cab, pickup body, longitudinal troop seats6047
WC-13T211NoClosed cab, pickup body, bucket seats in part of contract4019
WC-14T211NoClosed cab, pickup body268
WC-15T211NoReconnaissance Car3980
WC-16T211NoRadio body1284
WC-17T211NoCarryall body274
WC-19T211NoPanel body103
WC-20T211NoClosed cab, no body30
WC-21T215NoOpen cab, pickup or express body or weapons carrier, transverse seats in part of contract14287
WC-22T215YesOpen cab, pickup body1900
WC-23T215NoReconnaissance Car2637
WC-24T215YesReconnaissance Car1412
WC-25T215NoRadio or Reconnaissance Radio body1630
WC-26T215NoCarryall body2900
WC-36T112NoCarryall body, 4x2400
WC-37T112NoPanel body, 4x26
WC-38T112NoClosed cab, pickup body, 4x2362
WC-39T112NoClosed cab, Telephone Installation body, 4x21
WC-40T215NoClosed cab, pickup body275
WC-41T215NoClosed cab, no body or Emergency Repair cab and chassis383
WC-42T215NoPanel Radio body650
WC-43T215NoTelephone Installation body370
WC-47T112NoClosed cab, express body, 4x2390
WC-48T112NoCarryall body, 4x2374
WC-49T112NoPanel body, 4x28
WC-50T112NoTelephone Installation body, 4x21

Production quantities are the sum of all contracts during 1941 and 1942 for the specific model.

Dodge Half-ton WC G505 Body Manufacturers and Tags

The variety of body styles for the Dodge half-ton 4x4 WC G505 series trucks were produced by subcontractors and assembled by Dodge:

  • Budd: Cargo and Reconnaissance Car
  • GarWood: Dump truck
  • Highway Trailer Co: Cab and Telephone Installation bodies
  • Proctor-Keefe: Carry-All
  • Wayne Works: Ambulance

Vehicles with winches had longer frames than non-winch vehicles with mounting points for the winch at the front. The Braden MU winch was used.

The body type was encoded in a tag that can be found under the hood (open cab) or on the passenger door pillar (closed cab). The first two numbers of the body tag code will be the year (for example, 41 for 1941), followed by a two digit code for the body type:

  • 10 = Flat face cab
  • 12 = Closed cab
  • 19 = Command recon
  • 29 = Radio recon
  • 39 = Ambulance
  • 49 = Carryall
  • 62 = Closed cab
  • 66 = Express body transverse seats
  • 76 = Express body, no seats
  • 90 = Flat face cowl, bucket seats

Body code information from Army Motors #47.

Dodge Half-ton WC G505 Manuals

This is a partial list of the manuals for the Dodge 1/2 ton 4x4 WC G505 trucks and related equipment.

  • D-xxxx Parts lists for individual models (large number of these with 4 or 5 digits after the D)
  • D-9236, 1940, Instruction Manual, Dodge Trucks Built for United States Army, (Models VC-1, VC-2, VC-3 VC-5 and VC-6)
  • TM10-1120, 24 Jul 1941. Parts List, Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge.
  • TM10-1122, 24 Jul 1941. Parts List, Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge, C1
  • TM10-1123, 24 Jul 1941. Maintenance Manual, Dodge Trucks,1/2 Ton, 4x4, C1.
  • TM10-1152, 21 Nov 1941. Parts List,Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge (WC-21,22,23,24,25,26, 27, WC-40,41).
  • TM10-1153, 10 Sep 1941. Maintenance Manual, Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge (WC-21,22,23,24,25,26, 27, WC-40,41).
  • TM10-1180, 17 Sep 1941. Parts List, Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge.
  • TM10-1181, 17 Sep 1941. Maintenance Manual, Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge.
  • TM10-1194, 17 Sep 1941. Parts List, Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge (Models VC-1 and VC-5).
  • TM10-1198, 28 Jul 1941. Parts List, Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge (Models WC4-USA and WC6-USA through WC11-USA).
  • TM10-1199, May 1942. Master Parts List covering Dodge trucks built for United States Army.
  • TM10-1200, 16 Aug 1941. Parts List for Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge (Models WC2 through WC20).
  • TM10-1201, 28 Jul 1941, Instruction Manual, Dodge Trucks, 1/2-ton, 4x4, Chassis Built for U. S. Army, C1.
  • TM10-1368, 15 Dec 1941. Parts List, Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge.
  • TM10-1416, 2 Feb 1942. Parts List for Truck, 1/2-Ton 4x4, Dodge (Model WC-42)
  • TM10-1417, 2 Feb 1942. Maintenance Manual, Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge (Model WC-42).
  • TM10-1442, 15 Feb 1942. Parts List, Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge (Models WC-21,23,24,25,26, 27,41).
  • TM10-1443, 20 Feb 1942. Maintenance Manual, Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge.
  • TM10-1444, 2 Mar 1942. Parts List, Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge.
  • TM10-1445, 15 Mar 1942. Maintenance Manual, Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge.
  • ORD 8 SNL G505 Parts List, Truck, 1/2 Ton, 4x4, Dodge
  • SNL G657, Dec 1943. Master Parts List covering Dodge trucks built for United States Army.

Find More Information on the Internet

There are many fine websites that have additional information on this topic, too many to list here and too many to keep up with as they come and go. Use this Google web search form to get an up to date report of what's out there.

For good results, try entering this: dodge g505 OR WC. Then click the Search button.

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