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FMTV: Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles

The FMTV was introduced into U.S. Army service in 1996 to replace obsolete and maintenance-intensive 2.5 ton and 5 ton trucks. FMTV trucks perform local and line haul, unit mobility, unit resupply, and other missions in combat, combat support and combat service support units.

The original prime contractor for the FMTV series was Stewart & Stevenson Services, Inc. of Sealy, TX, a company acquired by Armor Holdings/BAE Systems. In 2009, Oshkosh was awarded a new FMTV production order for 2,568 trucks, trailers and related services.

More than 56,000 FMTV trucks and trailers were delivered by Stewart & Stevenson Services. FMTV vehicles have maintained a 94 percent average operational readiness rate in OIF/OEF theaters.

FMTV with an attached rigid cargo bed cover carried by a CH-47 Chinook helicopter
FMTV with an attached rigid cargo bed cover carried by a CH-47 Chinook helicopter.

Today in WW II: 24 Apr 1945 Retreating German troops in Italy destroy all the bridges over the Adige in Verona, including the historical Ponte di Castelvecchio and Ponte Pietra.   

FMTV: Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles

The Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) is a series of vehicles based on a common chassis. Trucks in the series vary by payload and mission requirements. There are two base vehicle patterns (2.5 ton and 5 ton) with multiple variants of each, including the addition of Material Handlling Equipment (MHE) to some models.

FMTV Convoy
Convoy of FMTV M1083 five ton trucks.

FMTV is rapidly deployable worldwide for operation on primary and secondary roads, trails, and cross-country terrain, in all climatic conditions. Commonality of parts across truck chassis variants significantly reduces the logistics burden and operating and support costs. Click on the link in the list below for more information on specific FMTV vehicles.

FMTV Family Chart
Chart of FMTV: Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles.

The original manufacturer, BAE Systems, has this web page of FMTV specifications for all the models they manufactured. In February 2010, Oshkosh Corp. became the FMTV manufacturer, winning contracts for production of up to 12,415 trucks and 10,926 trailers. Oshkosh began shipping FMTV trucks and trailers in May 2010, offering 23 models, 14 truck variants and 3 trailer variants in the FMTV family.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

HIMARS on FMTV carrier truck.
Wheeled and tracked military vehicles disembark from MSC large, medium-speed, roll-on/roll-off ship USNS Brittin, Bremerhaven, Germany, 2004. Lead vehicle is the M992 Field Artillery Ammunition Supply Vehicle for the M109 155mm howitzer, followed by an M939 5-ton 6x6 truck and FMTV truck.  In FY 2004, the US Navy Sealift Program delivered the combat cargo and equipment needed by U.S. forces engaged in Operation Iraqi Freedom and other theaters of operation.
A convoy of HMMWV and FMTV vehicles from 209th Aviation Support Battalion, 25th Combat Aviation Brigade is driven over Saddle Road (Route 200), Big Island, Hawaii.
A U.S. Marine stands in the roof escape hatch of a Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV) 5-ton truck, with Armored Cab, towing a High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) after arriving at Camp Leatherneck, Afghanistan, 4 May  2011. The Marine, assigned to Battery K, 2nd Battalion, 14th Marine Regiment, and his fellow Marines are returning to the camp to reload munitions for their next mission.
North Carolina National Guardsmen fuel and stage HMMWV, FMTV and other vehicles in preparation for Hurricane Irene at the North Carolina Emergency Management eastern branch, Kinston, NC, 26 August 2011.
During a convoy training exercise, a gate guard checks outgoing FMTV (with Water Buffalo) ) and HMMWV vehicles at Dillingham Airfield, HI, 9 April 2008. The exercise was conducted during the 2nd Squadrons 6th Cavalry Regiment 25th Combat Aviation Brigade Field Training Exercise (FTX) where Soldiers conducted combat operations and mission drills.

The FMTV-A1 Series Vehicles

Low Signature Armored Cab (LSAC) equipped FMTVs
Low Signature Armored Cab (LSAC) equipped FMTVs.

The FMTV-A1 series, introduced in 1999, includes an Environmental Protection Agency-certified engine, upgraded transmission, electronic data bus, an anti-lock brake system and interactive electronic technical manuals.

Experience in Iraq led to the development of an up-armored cab for installation on FMTV vehicles for tactical situations that may include IEDs or similar threats. This unit, called the the Low Signature Armored Cab (LSAC), can be exchanged for the standard FMTV cab in one day or less of shop time.

FMTV Equipment Details

Cab Design 3-Man, ergonomically adjustable driver seat and steering wheel
  Steering type Power assisted, recirculating ball
  Storage 8 cu-ft
  Cab suspension Height-adjusting air springs with damper
Engine Caterpillar 3126 Heavy duty diesel, 6-cylinder, electronic controlled, fuel-injectedturbocharged and aftercooled, EPA certified
  Rating 275 hp (205 kW) @ 2400 rpm
  Displacement 442 cu in. (7.2 L)
  Torque 817 lb-ft (1,107 N.m) @1600 rpm
  Fuel Diesel, DF-2, JP-4, JP-8, VV-F-800
  Oil MIL-L-2104D, MIL-L-46167, 22 qt (21 L)
Transmission Allison MD 3070 PT Automatic/select 7-speed, electronically controlled
  Full-time all-wheel drive Integral transfer case
  Normal operation 30% torque front wheels, 70% torque rear wheels; off-road, equal front and rear
  Oil MIL-L-2104D, MIL-L46167, 31.8 qt (30 L)
Axles ArvinMeritor Front, intermediate and rear axles
  Carrier Single reduction, amboid-gearing
  Wheel end ratio Bevel wheel end reduction, ratio 2:1
  Overall axle gear ratio 7.8:1
  Front axle steering angle 35°
Electrical System 12/24 volt, EMI/HAEMP qualified, resetable circuit breakers, central power distribution panel
  Alternator 100 amp, 12/24 volt, waterproof, EMI/RFI suppressed, (200 amp option)
  Starter 24 volt waterproof
Tires Michelin 395/85R20XML All-terrain
Brakes Primary Dual-circuit, four channel air, Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) with trailers ABS connectors for emergency towing
  Supplemental Air actuated, driver controlled exhaust brake
Central Tire Inflation System Eaton Cab-mounted electronic controls, operable while driving highway, cross-country, air transport, sand/mud/snow and emergency modes
Diagnostics Interactive Electronic Technical Manuals (IETM) Class V, intrusive diagnostics utilizing SAE J1708 / J1939 data buses to diagnose all (4) unique Electronic Control Modules (ECM)
Suspension Front Parabolic-tapered leaf spring with hydraulic shock absorbers
  Rear Parabolic-tapered leaf spring with hydraulic shock absorbers and stabilizer bar
Transportability/Deployability Internally Air-transportable by C-130, C-141, C-17 and C-5A at GVW
  Externally Transportable by CH-47 and CH-53 helicopters
Self Recovery Winch Optional 11,000 lb (4,990 kg) rating, 280 ft (85.3 m) line capacity, fore/aft recovery positions

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