Ford Truck, Amphibian, GPA, 1/4 ton, 4x4
The GPA amphibious jeep was developed by Ford Motor Company from components of the Ford GPW 1/4 ton 4x4 jeep. Naval architects designed the amphibious hull, the same firm that designed the 2 1/2-ton DUKW amphibious truck. The GPA was manufactured by Ford during World War II, starting in 1942 and ending in March 1943. The GPA was not popular or successful with the U.S. military, judged too small, difficult to maneuver and subject to swamping in any significant waves. However, GPAs were supplied to the Soviet Union under Lend Lease and the Soviets continued to manufacture the GPA (as the GAZ 011) after Ford's contracts were concluded.
The Ford GPA was also called the "Seep" for "Sea Jeep" or sometimes the "jeep in a bathtub."
Ford Truck, Amphibian, GPA, 1/4 ton, 4x4, 1945 photo.
|Today in WW II: 25 Oct 1943 American and New Zealand troops land at Mono and Stirling, Treasury Islands, south of Bougainville [25-27 Oct]. More ↓
|25 Oct 1944 First operation by the Japanese Kamikaze Special Attack Force: 55 kamikazes strike 7 carriers and 40 other ships, sinking six, off Leyte, Philippines.
25 Oct 1944 Battle off Samar [Leyte]: US Admiral Sprague skillfully prevents a loss to the stronger Japanese force under Japanese Admiral Kurita.
25 Oct 1944 Battle off Cape Engaño (Leyte): lopsided naval battle resulting in the loss of most of Japanese Northern Force to US Admiral Halsey's carrier planes and battleships [25-26 Oct].
25 Oct 1944 Soviet Red Army enters Kirkenes, the first town in Norway to be liberated from the Germans.
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Ford Truck, Amphibian, GPA, 1/4 ton, 4x4 (G-504) Specifications
|Height||66 1/4 inches|
|Gross Weight||4,460 lbs|
|Net Weight||3,665 lbs|
|Engine||Ford 4 cyl 134 cid, 54 hp|
|Transfer case||2 speed|
|Water speed||5.5 mph|
|Road speed||5o mph|
|Number mfg||approx. 12,750|
The Ford GPA running gear (engine, transmission, transfer case, axles) were essentially the same as the Ford GPW jeep, but the amphibious GPA vehicle was longer than the GPW jeep. The 84 inch wheelbase was four inches longer than the jeep and the hull extended to the front and rear of the axles. The interior layout was similar to the GPW, a spare tire and anchor where stored on the rear deck, a capstan winch on the front deck, and a rifle rack was mounted on the windshield. A propeller and rudder were mounted on the rear of the GPA along with a standard pintle hook.
Ford GPA Amphibian, 1/4-ton, 4x4 Photos
Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the Ford GPA Amphibious 1/4-ton 4x4 at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:
Ford GPA Amphibian, 1/4-ton, 4x4 Photo Gallery
Ford Truck, Amphibian, GPA, 1/4 ton, 4x4 (G-504). Photo: Courtesy of Dennis P. Nolan.
45th Division GPAs ready for shipment with the Division for service in North Africa, Sicily and Italy, Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation, 27 May 1943. The officer is identified as Capt. W. Young.
Ford GPA assigned to Lend Lease for the Soviet Union, employed by the Soviet 14th Army to cross water obstacles.
Ford GPA crossing river during training, 442nd Regimental Combat Team, World War II.
Ford GPA with trailer, during training, World War II.
Ford GPAs being tested in the Huron River near Ford Motor Company's Rouge plant, Detroit, MI, during World War II. Original caption calls the GPA an "amphibian reconnaissance car."
Ford GPA amphibious jeeps waiting transport at the factory, Detroit, MI, April 1943.