The International Harvester TD-18 Tractor / Bulldozer, introduced in 1938, was the largest IH tractor produced during WW II. The TD-18 (brand name TracTracTor) remained in production, in several versions with increasing horsepower, until 1957. A total of about 22,000 TD-18 tractors were produced at the International Harvester factory in Melrose Park, IL.
Today in WW II: 11 Oct 1939 Letter signed by Albert Einstein is delivered to US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, urging the United States to rapidly develop the atomic bomb before Germany does, the inspiration for the Manhattan Project. More↓
International Harvester TD-18 Tractor / Bulldozer (G-101)
The TD-18 Tractor / Bulldozer was a designated prime mover for heavy artillery such as the M2 155mm "Long Tom". The TD-18 was especially useful in the mud and jungles of the Pacific Theater where only a tractor crawler could move the heavy artillery. With a bulldozer blade, the TD-18 was used to build roads and fortifications as well as to breech enemy positions. It is reported that the SS President Coolidge, a luxury liner converted to troopship, had 120 IH TD-18 bulldozers in cargo when it was sunk at Espiritu Santo in 1942, while carrying reinforcements for Guadalcanal.
An International TD-18 tractor moves 155mm Long Tom towed guns onto an LCT to be relocated to Piru Plantation from Tambusolo Island, Central Solomon Islands, 15 July 1943. The Long Toms belonged to 1st Marine Raiders, Battery A, commanded by Capt. Henry H. Reichner.
T5 Russell W. Smith, Service Co., 127th Infantry, 32nd Division, of Clarksburg, WV, using an IH TD-18 bulldozer to clear destroyed Japanese tanks from a road to Lonoy on Leyte, Philippine Islands, 22 December 1944.
Other military IH TD-18 photos from the McCormick - International Harvester Collection at the Wisconsin Historical Society: