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M-10 Tank Destroyer

Tank Destroyers were specialized units designed to engage and destroy enemy armor, opening the way for Allied tanks to exploit the gaps. During WW II, tanks did not have sufficient firepower for this task leading to the concept of a separate tank destroyer platform. The M-10 (standard nomenclature 3-inch Gun Motor Carriage, M10) was built on the chassis of the M4A1 Sherman diesel tank with an M7 3-in. gun in an M5 mount placed in the pentagonal welded turret. To balance the turret for the weight of the gun, 3,600 pounds of counterweights were attached to the top, rear of the turret. 4,993 M-10 Tank Destroyers were produced at the General Motors tank arsenal during WW II, beginning in September 1942.

The M-10 Tank Destroyer was also equipped with a .50 cal. machine gun. The 30 ton vehicle was powered by twin General Motors 6-71 diesel engines, reaching a road speed of 25 mph.

The M10A1 Tank Destroyer used the chassis of the M4A3 Sherman medium tank, powered by the Ford GAA gasoline engine. The M10A1 was the base vehicle for the M-36 Tank Destroyer, standardized in June 1944. The M10A1 Tank Destroyer without a turret was equipped and used as an artillery tractor, designated Full-track Prime Mover, M35 in this configuration.

A British modification of some of their late-model M10s, equipped with a heavier gun, the Mark 5 17-pounder, was designated the Achilles IIC by the British and was used during the later months of World War II in Europe.

See also the M-36 Tank Destroyer.

Today in WW II: 17 Apr 1941 Yugoslav Royal Army surrenders to Nazi Germany.  More 
17 Apr 1945 German forces defeated by Brazilian troops who liberate the town of Montese, Italy.
17 Apr 1945 US Eighth Army lands on Mindanao, liberating the last of the major Philippine Islands.
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M-10 Tank Destroyer Photos

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the M-10 Tank Destroyer at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

The M10 Tank Destroyer was introduced in Tunisia after the Kasserine f ight. The chassis was that of the General Sherman tank, the gun having a higher velocity than that of comparable Allied tank guns. The first time it saw action was in thevicinity of Maknassy during the middle of March 1943. The village of Maknassywas occupied by U. S. forces on 22 March 1943.
M10 Tank Destroyer, WW II vintage.
773rd TD Bn. M10 Tank Destroyer (3-inch GMC), camouflaged for snow, near Benonchamps, Belgium, 21 January 1945.
M36 Gun Motor Carriage (Tank Destroyer) on a test track, circa 1944-45.  The M36 mounted a 90mm gun in a redesigned turret atop an M10 TD chassis, providing better firepower while retaining the mechanical reliability of the M10.
M10 Tank Destroyers moving through the rubble of the town of Magdeburg, Germany, circa mid-April 1945.
M10 Tank Destroyer, Kwajalein Island, WW II.

M-10 Tank Destroyer Photo Gallery

M-10 Tank Destroyer
M10 Tank Destroyer.

M-10 Tank Destroyer at 4th Infantry Division Museum, Ft. Hood, TX, 2 December 2005
M-10 Tank Destroyer at 4th Infantry Division Museum, Ft. Hood, TX, 2 December 2005. Photo: Courtesy of Bob Pettit.

M-10 Tank Destroyer at 4th Infantry Division Museum, Ft. Hood, TX, 2 December 2005
M-10 Tank Destroyer at 4th Infantry Division Museum, Ft. Hood, TX, 2 December 2005. Photo: Courtesy of Bob Pettit.

M-10A1 Tank Destroyer at 4th Infantry Division Museum, Ft. Hood, TX, 2 December 2005
M-10A1 Tank Destroyer at 4th Infantry Division Museum, Ft. Hood, TX, 2 December 2005. Photo: Courtesy of Bob Pettit.

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