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M-10 Tank Destroyer

Tank Destroyers were specialized units designed to engage and destroy enemy armor, opening the way for Allied tanks to exploit the gaps. During WW II, tanks did not have sufficient firepower for this task leading to the concept of a separate tank destroyer platform. The M-10 (standard nomenclature 3-inch Gun Motor Carriage, M10) was built on the chassis of the M4A1 Sherman diesel tank with an M7 3-in. gun in an M5 mount placed in the pentagonal welded turret. To balance the turret for the weight of the gun, 3,600 pounds of counterweights were attached to the top, rear of the turret. 4,993 M-10 Tank Destroyers were produced at the General Motors tank arsenal during WW II, beginning in September 1942.

The M-10 Tank Destroyer was also equipped with a .50 cal. machine gun. The 30 ton vehicle was powered by twin General Motors 6-71 diesel engines, reaching a road speed of 25 mph.

The M10A1 Tank Destroyer used the chassis of the M4A3 Sherman medium tank, powered by the Ford GAA gasoline engine. The M10A1 was the base vehicle for the M-36 Tank Destroyer, standardized in June 1944. The M10A1 Tank Destroyer without a turret was equipped and used as an artillery tractor, designated Full-track Prime Mover, M35 in this configuration.

A British modification of some of their late-model M10s, equipped with a heavier gun, the Mark 5 17-pounder, was designated the Achilles IIC by the British and was used during the later months of World War II in Europe.

See also the M-36 Tank Destroyer.

Today in WW II: 25 Jul 1943 As defeats pile up, Mussolini replaced by Badoglio as Italian Premier.  More 
25 Jul 1944 Operation COBRA starts US breakout from Normandy.
25 Jul 1944 Air combat between an Me-262 and an RAF Mosquito, the first combat involving the German experimental jet fighter.
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

M-10 Tank Destroyer Photos

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the M-10 Tank Destroyer at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

7th Army, 45th Infantry Division, infantrymen crouch near an M-10 Tank Destroyer as an enemy shell comes down on their position, Niederbronn, France, December 1944,
U.S. army M-10 Tank destroyer in WWII.
Ten Tenth Mountain Division 126th Mountain Enginers rest behind an M10 tank destroyer on a mountain road while taking cover from German sniper fire, 3 March 1945.
773rd TD Bn. M10 Tank Destroyer (3-inch GMC), camouflaged for snow, near Benonchamps, Belgium, 21 January 1945.
Soldier in fox hole hurls a hand-grenade at an M-10 Tank Destroyer, Commando Training camp, Camp Carson, CO, 24 April 1943.
M-10 tank destroyer, produced at the General Motors tank arsenal, March 1943.

M-10 Tank Destroyer Photo Gallery

M-10 Tank Destroyer
M10 Tank Destroyer.

M-10 Tank Destroyer at 4th Infantry Division Museum, Ft. Hood, TX, 2 December 2005
M-10 Tank Destroyer at 4th Infantry Division Museum, Ft. Hood, TX, 2 December 2005. Photo: Courtesy of Bob Pettit.

M-10 Tank Destroyer at 4th Infantry Division Museum, Ft. Hood, TX, 2 December 2005
M-10 Tank Destroyer at 4th Infantry Division Museum, Ft. Hood, TX, 2 December 2005. Photo: Courtesy of Bob Pettit.

M-10A1 Tank Destroyer at 4th Infantry Division Museum, Ft. Hood, TX, 2 December 2005
M-10A1 Tank Destroyer at 4th Infantry Division Museum, Ft. Hood, TX, 2 December 2005. Photo: Courtesy of Bob Pettit.

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