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M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)

The M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) helped to revolutionize mobile military operations since it was developed from the M59 and M75 APCs by Ford and Kaiser Aluminium in the late 1950s. Its first use was in Vietnam were the M113 was extensively deployed with great success.

The M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) is possibly the largest family of armored tracked vehicles, with over 72,000 vehicles worldwide and more than 40 different variants. Originally developed in the late 1950s, the M113 family of vehicles (FOV) is still in service in the U.S. Army and in the military of many other countries.

M-113A3 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)
M-113A3 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC).

Today in WW II: 20 Nov 1940 Hungary joins Hitler's Axis Tripartite Pact, followed by Romania and Slovakia in the next few days [November 20-25].  More 
20 Nov 1942 British forces capture Benghazi, Libya.
20 Nov 1942 Alaska-Canadian [ALCAN] Highway dedicated at Soldiers Summit and officially opened, although not generally usable until 1943.
20 Nov 1943 Makin, Tarawa [Gilbert Islands] invasion by US amphibious force [20-23 Nov].
20 Nov 1944 Hitler leaves his Wolf's Lair field headquarters [near Rastenburg, East Prussia] to go to Berlin, never to return.
20 Nov 1945 Nuremberg war crimes trials begin.
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Family of Vehicles

The M113 vehicles carried eleven soldiers plus a driver and track commander under armor protection across hostile battlefield environments. The M113 is air transportable, air-droppable, and swimmable, allowing planners to incorporate APCs in a much wider range of combat situations, including many 'rapid deployment' scenarios.

The M113s were so successful that they were quickly identified as the foundation for a family of vehicles. Over the years, the M113 FOV has undergone numerous upgrades and development of derivitive configurations, including the M577 command track and the M106 mortar carrier. In 1964, the M113A1 package replaced the original gasoline engine with a 212 horsepower diesel package, significantly improving survivability. In 1979, the A2 package of suspension and cooling enhancements was introduced.

The M113A3 RISE (Reliability Improvements for Selected Equipment) package includes an upgraded propulsion system (turbocharged engine and new transmission), greatly improved driver controls (new power breaks and conventional steering controls), external fuel tanks, and 200 AMP alternator with 4 batteries. Additional A3 improvements include incorporation of spall liners and provisions for mounting external armor. The rear-mounted external fuel tanks make the M113A3 visually distinct from earlier variants. The M113A3 was introduced in 1987.

The M113A3 fleet will include vehicles with high speed digital networks and data transfer systems. The M113A3 digitization program includes applying appliqué hardware, software, and installation kits and hosting them in the M113 FOV.

M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Derivitive Vehicles

Among the many derivitive vehicles produced were these examples:

As of 2005, these variants are in U.S. military inventory:

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the M113 APC at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

5th Battalion, 297th National Guard, patrol in an M113 armored personnel carrier during Exercise BRIMFROST 83, Ft. Richardson, AK, 7 Feb 1983
SSGT Cory Smith, from Battery B, 2nd Battalion, 20th Field Artillery Regiment, 4th Infantry Division, performs maintenance on the engine of his M577 command vehicle at Forward Operating Base Remagen near Tikrit, Iraq, 11 May 2006.  The M577 is a variant of the M-113 APC.
M-901 Improved TOW Vehicle (ITV on display outside the New York State Armory in Ithaca, NY, home to a unit of the 2nd Battalion 108th Infantry, 31 December 2013. Soldiers assigned to the armory were once equipped with this anti-tank vehicle. The vehicle was repainted by the New York Maneuver Area Training Equipment Site at Fort Drum, NY, as part of an ongoing effort to prepare unneeded military vehicles for historic display. The M-901 ITV is a variant of the M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier. It first entered service in 1979.
M-577 Armored Command Post Carrier, a variant of the M113 APC, National Training Center, Ft. Irwin, CA, circa 1984.
M-981 Fire Support Team Vehicle (FISTV), a variant of the M113 APC, Ft. Drum, NY.
3 ID Engineers M113 Infantry Fighting Vehicle in convoy on the road from Camp Virginia to Camp New York, Kuwait, 14 March 2003. The Brigade is currently deployed as a part of Operation Enduring Freedom

M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Photo Gallery

M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) with TOW anti-armor missile mounted
M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) with TOW anti-armor missile mounted.

M113 Armored Personnel Carriers (APC) of the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment during scout training at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland in 1965
M-113 Armored Personnel Carriers (APC) of the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment during scout training at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland in 1965.

M113 tracks of the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment in Vietnam
M113 tracks of the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment in Vietnam.

M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) training, Fort Jackson, SC, 20 June 1966
M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) training, Fort Jackson, SC, 20 June 1966.

The M1059 smoke generator consists of an M113A2 APC with two M54 smoke generators.  This track belongs to the 31st Chemical Company (Army), Fort Irwin, CA, 19 Mar 1997
The M1059/A2 or A3 smoke generator consists of an M113A2 or A3 APC with two M54 smoke generators. This track belongs to the 31st Chemical Company (Army), Fort Irwin, CA, 19 Mar 1997.

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