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M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)

The M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) helped to revolutionize mobile military operations since it was developed from the M59 and M75 APCs by Ford and Kaiser Aluminium in the late 1950s. Its first use was in Vietnam were the M113 was extensively deployed with great success.

The M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) is possibly the largest family of armored tracked vehicles, with over 72,000 vehicles worldwide and more than 40 different variants. Originally developed in the late 1950s, the M113 family of vehicles (FOV) is still in service in the U.S. Army and in the military of many other countries.

M-113A3 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)
M-113A3 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC).

Today in WW II: 31 Oct 1940 End of Battle of Britain, Hitler's air war against London, other British cities, and the Royal Air Force [RAF].  More 
31 Oct 1941 Destroyer USS Reuben James [DD-245] on Lend-Lease convoy escort duty sunk by German submarine U-552 with the loss of 100 of her crew, the first US naval casualty in the yet undeclared war.
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Family of Vehicles

The M113 vehicles carried eleven soldiers plus a driver and track commander under armor protection across hostile battlefield environments. The M113 is air transportable, air-droppable, and swimmable, allowing planners to incorporate APCs in a much wider range of combat situations, including many 'rapid deployment' scenarios.

The M113s were so successful that they were quickly identified as the foundation for a family of vehicles. Over the years, the M113 FOV has undergone numerous upgrades and development of derivitive configurations, including the M577 command track and the M106 mortar carrier. In 1964, the M113A1 package replaced the original gasoline engine with a 212 horsepower diesel package, significantly improving survivability. In 1979, the A2 package of suspension and cooling enhancements was introduced.

The M113A3 RISE (Reliability Improvements for Selected Equipment) package includes an upgraded propulsion system (turbocharged engine and new transmission), greatly improved driver controls (new power breaks and conventional steering controls), external fuel tanks, and 200 AMP alternator with 4 batteries. Additional A3 improvements include incorporation of spall liners and provisions for mounting external armor. The rear-mounted external fuel tanks make the M113A3 visually distinct from earlier variants. The M113A3 was introduced in 1987.

The M113A3 fleet will include vehicles with high speed digital networks and data transfer systems. The M113A3 digitization program includes applying appliqué hardware, software, and installation kits and hosting them in the M113 FOV.

M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Derivitive Vehicles

Among the many derivitive vehicles produced were these examples:

As of 2005, these variants are in U.S. military inventory:

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the M113 APC at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

News video from Egypt during the 2011 Arab Spring included a number of M113 APCs. The Egyptioan military purchased them from the US for years as seen in this 12 Sep 2005 photo of one offloading from a US Navy LCU during a USCENTCOM exercise.
M-981 Fire Support Team Vehicle (FIST-V), a variant of the M113 Armored Personnel Carrier, circa 1984.
SGT Eric Mattos, D Company, 1st Battaltion, 502nd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 101st Airborne Division, calls back to three other Soldiers taking part in the final day of the Military Functional Assessment Program, 10 November 2011. Mattos and the other Soldiers are patients at the Fort Campbell Traumatic Brain Injury Clinic.
Potential recruits exit a M1068 Command Post track vehicle while participating in a paintball course during a recruiting event held by members of the Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1-147th Field Artillery and Detachment 1, Company A, 139th Brigade Support Battalion, South Dakota Army National Guard, in Watertown, SD, 9 September 2012. The recruiting event was an opportunity for prospective new enlistees to see firsthand the level of training and abilities possessed by South Dakota National Guard Soldiers.  Courtesy South Dakota National Guard.
US Army M1068 Standard Integrated Command Post System (SICPS) Carriers and other equipment from the 1st Battalion, 64th Armored Regiment, is loaded onto railroad flat cars at the rail marshalling area at Fort Stewart, GA, 2 October 2001.
The M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) is a versatile machine, used for tasks far beyond its original design as a troop carrier. In this photo, the M113 is equipped with a crane to place a balk bridge, used for rapid stream crossings in the wetlands of Vietnam. About 24 of these were built by South Vietnamese Army engineers.

M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Photo Gallery

M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) with TOW anti-armor missile mounted
M113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) with TOW anti-armor missile mounted.

M113 Armored Personnel Carriers (APC) of the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment during scout training at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland in 1965
M-113 Armored Personnel Carriers (APC) of the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment during scout training at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland in 1965.

M113 tracks of the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment in Vietnam
M113 tracks of the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment in Vietnam.

M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) training, Fort Jackson, SC, 20 June 1966
M-113 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) training, Fort Jackson, SC, 20 June 1966.

The M1059 smoke generator consists of an M113A2 APC with two M54 smoke generators.  This track belongs to the 31st Chemical Company (Army), Fort Irwin, CA, 19 Mar 1997
The M1059/A2 or A3 smoke generator consists of an M113A2 or A3 APC with two M54 smoke generators. This track belongs to the 31st Chemical Company (Army), Fort Irwin, CA, 19 Mar 1997.

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