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M119 105mm Howitzer
The M119 is a light weight air mobile air droppable (by parachute) or Towed Howitzer with an average crew of seven soldiers. It provides destructive, suppressive and protective indirect and direct field artillery fires in support of combined arms operations. The howitzer can be quickly moved and employed to provide maximum fire power with a minimum of combat loaded weight. It also provides a low silhouette and requires no recoil pit. These aspects combined makes the M119 Howitzer one of the most lethal weapon systems in the Army inventory. It replaced the M102 105mm Howitzer, beginning in 1989.
Howitzer, Light, Towed: 105 mm, M-119
The M119 was originally designed, developed, and produced by Royal Ordnance, Nottingham, England as the L118/L119 British Light Gun. In the L118 configuration, the weapon uses separate loading 105mm Abbott type ammunition. The L118 served with distinction during the Falkland Islands conflict. The L119 is identical to the L118 except for the cannon tube which is reconfigured to fire all NATO standard 105mm semi-fixed ammunition. The M119 incorporates standard U.S. Fire Control and other changes from the British Howitzer.
The M119 is normally towed by the Truck, Utility: Heavy Variant, 10,000 GVW, 4X4, M1097 (HMMWV).
Light Artillery System Improvement Program (LASIP)
The Light Artillery System Improvement Program (LASIP) Block I improvements, initiated in 1998, provided a new low-temperature recuperator, which increased low-temperature capability (from -25 F to -50 F), increased brake diameter from 11” to 12”, improved interchangeability of spare/repair parts, simplified tail light assembly, improved trail access cover, reduced maintenance on the elevating clutch, increased trail life, and added brackets to incorporate a chronograph and battery computer system. Block I improved howitzers were redesignated as the M119A1.
Additional LASIP improvements in Block II include a redesigned elevation gearbox, removal of radioactive tritium from the fire control system, installation of a new buffer with improved seals and no compensating tubes, simplified oil filling and monitoring hardware, addition of a rollbar to reduce damage during airdrop, and an improved rammer/extractor tool. Application of LASIP Block II to the M119A1 fleet was scheduled to be completed in FY2004. Howitzers with Block II applied are designated as M119A2.
M119 Howitzer Specifications