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M170 Jeep Ambulance and Radio Truck (G-758)

The M-170 Truck, Ambulance: Front Line, 1/4-Ton, 4x4 was a variant of the M-38A1 military jeep, with its body lengthened by twenty inches, heavier suspension, and provisions for three patients on litters. The spare tire and jerry can of the M-170 were mounted in the body tub next to the passenger seat. Other differences from the M-38A1 included interior lighting, fender well storage compartments, crash pads, and a tailgate.

The same M-170 vehicle was also outfitted as a radio truck and a few for other purposes. A total of 4,155 of the M-170 model were produced from 1953 to 1963.

Wheelbase101 inches
Length155 inches
Width60.5 inches
Height80 inches
Gross Weight3,763 lbs
Net Weight2,963 lbs
EngineWillys MD, 4 cyl 134 cid 68 hp
Transmission3 spd synchromesh
Transfer case2 spd
Tires7.00 x 16
Max road speed55 mph
Fuel capacity13 gal
Range300 mi

Manuals for the Truck, Ambulance: Front Line, 1/4-Ton, 4x4 M-170 are generally combined with the M-38A1 and include:

  • TM 9-804A Operation and Organizational Maintenance (July 1952)
  • TM 9-8014 Operation and Organizational Maintenance (6 April 1955)
  • LO 9-8014 Lubrication order
  • TM9-8015-1 Ordnance Maintenance: Engine and Clutch
  • TM9-8015-2 Ordnance Maintenance: Power Train Body and Frame
  • ORD 7 SNL G-758 Organizational Maintenance Allowances (June 1952)
  • ORD 9 SNL G-758 List of all Service Parts (3 June 1954)
  • TM 9-2320-208-20P Organizational Repair Parts and Special Tools (January 1966)
  • TM 9-2320-208-34P DS/GS Maintenance Manual with Repair Parts and Special Tools List (22 July 1966)

Dates given are for one edition of the manual, others may have been issued at different dates.

The M-170 Ambulance dataplates give the Ordnance Stock Number as G2758-8358686. The Willys factory called it the MD-A.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the M170 Jeep Ambulance and Radio Truck at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

M170 Jeep Ambulance, variant of the M38A1.  The open-air jeep is parked in a field. On one side of the bed of the jeep, three servicemen sit facing the two litters positioned one on top of the other on the other side of the jeep's bed. In each litter, a serviceman lies on his back and is covered with a blanket.  Photo, during demonstration of the vehicle in the field at Medical Field Service School, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX, 19 Jan 1953.
Truck, Ambulance: Front Line, 1/4-Ton, 4x4, M-170 (Variant of M-38A1). Photo from Berlin-Patrol 2011, courtesy of Abraham Telvi.
M170 Jeep Ambulance, variant of the M38A1.  The open-air jeep is parked in a field. On one side of the bed of the jeep, three servicemen sit facing the two litters positioned one on top of the other on the other side of the jeep's bed. In each litter, a serviceman lies on his back and is covered with a blanket.  Photo, during demonstration of the vehicle in the field at Medical Field Service School, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX, 19 January 1953.
1955 M170 Army Ambulance, Camp Jeep 2001.  Variant of M38A1
M170 Jeep Ambulance, variant of the M38A1.  The ambulance jeep, developed by the Army Ordnance Corps and built by Willys-Overland Motors Inc., is undergoing tests by the Ordnance Corps at the Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD,  February 1953.
Truck, Ambulance: Front Line, 1/4-Ton, 4x4, M-170 (Variant of M-38A1). Photo from Berlin-Patrol 2011, courtesy of Abraham Telvi.

M170 Jeep Ambulance and Radio Truck Photo Gallery

Truck, Ambulance: Front Line, 1/4-Ton, 4x4, M-170 (Variant of M-38A1). From TM9-2320-208-20P, February 1959
Truck, Ambulance: Front Line, 1/4-Ton, 4x4, M-170 (Variant of M-38A1). From TM9-2320-208-20P, February 1959.

Radio Truck, 1/4-Ton, 4x4, M-170C XT-2 (Long wheel base variant of M-38A1).  Photo: Courtesy of Marc Lesko
Radio Truck, 1/4-Ton, 4x4, M-170C XT-2 (Long wheel base variant of M-38A1). Photo: Courtesy of Marc Lesko.

Radio Truck, 1/4-Ton, 4x4, M-170C XT-2 (Long wheel base variant of M-38A1). Photo: Courtesy of Marc Lesko
Radio Truck, 1/4-Ton, 4x4, M-170C XT-2 (Long wheel base variant of M-38A1). Photo: Courtesy of Marc Lesko.

Data plate for Radio Truck, 1/4-Ton, 4x4, M-170C XT-2 (Long wheel base variant of M-38A1). Photo: Courtesy of Marc Lesko
Data plate for Radio Truck, 1/4-Ton, 4x4, M-170C XT-2 (Long wheel base variant of M-38A1). Photo: Courtesy of Marc Lesko.

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