Today in WW II: 22 Jul 1942 Japanese invade Papua, New Guinea at Basabua then move along the northeast coast of New Guinea to Buna, beginning a long campaign. More 
22 Jul 1942 Daily gassing of Jews from Warsaw begins at Treblinka; 4000 men, women, children killed daily, the largest slaughter of any single community during the Holocaust [22 Jul-12 Sep].
22 Jul 1944 Setbacks in the Japanese war effort force the resignation of Hideki Tojo as Prime Minister of Japan.
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M42 Dodge 3/4 ton 4x4 Command Truck (G-741)

The M42 Command Truck is a member of the M-37 Dodge 3/4 ton 4x4 Truck Family (G-741). Its full nomenclature is Truck, Command, 3/4 ton 4x4, M-42.

The Command Truck M42 is only slightly different from the base model M37 cargo truck. They are not manufactured as a separate model, rather the M42 Command Truck is created by modifying an M37 with the installation of a conversion kit. The M42 conversion kit consists of replacing the standard M37 canvas with these M42 components:

  • Body side curtains with windows
  • Split rear end curtains
  • Map light
  • Folding table

The regular canvas tarp was rolled up on the sides, secured with leather straps, to expose the side curtains. The window panels were made of a non-reflecting plastic material. Sources differ on the provision of an entry step ladder for the M42 Command Truck.

When the M42 kit is installed, an M42 dataplate is added to the M37 dash (photo, below). Trucks configured as the M42 Command Truck were also converted back to the M37 configuration. According to TM 9-8031-2 Change 3 dated 29 January 1968, all references to the M42 Command Truck in the manual were deleted.

M42 Command Truck conversion kit dataplate
M42 Command Truck conversion kit dataplate.

M42 Command Truck, from TM 9-8030, May 1955
M42 Command Truck, from TM 9-8030, May 1955.

Rear view, top cover and curtains, command truck M42.  From TM 9-8030, May 1955
Rear view, top cover and curtains, Command Truck M42. From TM 9-8030, May 1955.

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