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M-43 3/4 ton 4x4 Ambulance Truck

The M-43 3/4 ton rated ambulance is a variant of the M-37 cargo truck, built by Dodge as a follow-on to the World War II vintage WC-54 Dodge ambulance and WC-64 KD Dodge ambulance, both part of the G502 series of WC 3/4 ton trucks.

The M-43 is based on the M-37 cargo truck but differed from the M-37 by having the panel-type closed ambulance body consisting of the driver's compartment and the patient's compartment with a connecting partition door. The spare wheel is mounted on a carrier at the left side of the driver's compartment. A spotlight is mounted on the roof of the driver's compartment.

Interior rear view of the Truck, Ambulance, 3/4 ton, 4x4, M43 or M43B1
Interior rear view of the Truck, Ambulance, 3/4 ton, 4x4, M43 or M43B1.

Today in WW II: 31 Oct 1940 End of Battle of Britain, Hitler's air war against London, other British cities, and the Royal Air Force [RAF].  More 
31 Oct 1941 Destroyer USS Reuben James [DD-245] on Lend-Lease convoy escort duty sunk by German submarine U-552 with the loss of 100 of her crew, the first US naval casualty in the yet undeclared war.
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

Specifications for the M-43 3/4 ton Ambulance

The M-43 3/4 ton Ambulance is a member of the M-37 Dodge 3/4 ton 4x4 Truck Family (G-741) and most specifications are the same as the M-37 cargo truck. However, the M43 wheelbase is 126 inches, same as the V41 Telephone Maintenance truck. The full table of specifications is on the M37 Manuals page.

The steel ambulance body incorporates the driver's compartment and litter compartment into one extended unit, making the body quite different from the M37 or M42 trucks. Litter racks are provided on each side of the body with a folding rear loading step. A heating and ventilating system is built into the body and two lights, a surgical light and a dome light, are provided in the roof of the litter area.

The M43 ambulance was produced from January 1951 to July 1954, with a few delivered after that date. The M43B1 ambulance was produced from 1959 to 1968, incorporating the changes to the base M37 cargo truck that were designated M37B1. Ambulances were produced both with and w/o the front mounted winch.

All M43 and M43B1 ambulances had the swing-out spare tire mount on the driver's side door.

Starting in 1952, M43CDN vehicles were produced for the Canadian Army and Air Force. They were fitted with a Chrysler Canada-produced T249 250.6 cid engine along with a different transmission and PTO. The M43CDN was produced until 1955, for a total of just over 400 units. It was not visually distinguished from the M43.

Two experimental improvements of the M43 Ambulance were produced, designated M43E1 and M43E2 with one of each reported produced, but rejected due to cost considerations.

Federal Stock Numbers for the M43 Ambulance variants are:

  • Truck, Ambulance, 3/4 Ton 4x4 M43 FSN 2310-835-8516
  • Truck, Ambulance, 3/4 Ton 4x4 M43B1 FSN 2310-542-4634
  • Truck, Ambulance, 3/4 Ton 4x4 M43 w/winch FSN 2310-835-8617

M-43 3/4 ton 4x4 Dodge Ambulance Truck
M-43 3/4 ton 4x4 Dodge Ambulance Truck

M-43 3/4 ton 4x4 Dodge Ambulance Truck
M-43 3/4 ton 4x4 Dodge Ambulance Truck

Medics carry a wounded soldier from an M-43 Ambulance to a waiting MedEvac helicopter, 23 July 1953
Medics carry a wounded soldier from an M-43 Ambulance to a waiting MedEvac helicopter, 23 July 1953.

HM3 Ronald L. Williams, 1st Hospital Co., 1st Marine Div., with children from the village of An Tan, Vietnam.  M43 Ambulance in background.
HM3 Ronald L. Williams, 1st Hospital Co., 1st Marine Div., with children from the village of An Tan, Vietnam. M43 Ambulance in background.

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