Today in WW II: 31 Jul 1941 SS Major General Reinhard Heydrich ordered by Göring to prepare "...a total solution of the Jewish question [Gesamtlösung der Judenfrage]..." in European areas controlled by Germany.
Books about World War II
The U.S. Cavalry - Time of Transition, 1938-1944: Horses to Mechanization
by Gary W. Palmer. 510 pages (March 29, 2013) Voyak Publications. Blending official wartime records with fresh interviews, stories and rare photos from personal and archival collections, the author follows the 106th Cavalry Group, a unit of the Illinois National Guard, as its 1,500 personnel transition from horses to vehicles and participate in the landmark Louisiana training maneuvers of 1940–41. Palmer also uncovers the behind-the-scenes activities of the War Department, Army General Staff, and other military units as they test the firepower of the traditional horse cavalry against the new technologies of tanks, jeeps and other mechanized vehicles.
Company Commander: The Classic Infantry Memoir of World War II
by Charles B. MacDonald. 288 pages (October 19, 1999) Burford Books. Originally published in 1948, the book is OCS graduate Captain MacDonald's day to day experience as Commander of Company I and later Company G, 23d Infantry, 2nd Infantry Division from September 1944 through the end of the war. Rifle companies like these were the heart of the US Army. The story is not pretty and not about MacDonald's heroic performance, rather it celebrates the real infantryman -- the rifleman, the machine gunner, the messenger, the mortarman -- what he did and what he endured to do it.
by Peter Baird. 268 pages (May 30, 2007) Ravenhawk Books. This historical novel starts with the Battle of Peleliu, but is mostly about the generational impact of war and the importance of truth for healing and forgiveness. Thomas Childers, Professor of History at the University of Pennsylvania and author of .php amazon_pp("B000SKR3NY", "World War Two: A Military and Social History");?> said: "Peter Baird's Beyond Peleliu is a hauntingly powerful novel of compelling honesty and skill, a moving reminder that wars do not end when the last shot is fired. A novel that must be read." Significantly, the author's father was an army surgeon with the 81st Infantry Division during the Battle of Peleliu.
The Day of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943-1944
by Rick Atkinson. Henry Holt and Co. (October 2, 2007), 816 pages. Following the course of American involvement in World War II in Europe, Atkinson continues the narrative established with his prize-winning .php amazon_pp("0805074481","An Army at Dawn: The War in North Africa, 1942-1943");?>. While many others have written of the July 1943 Operation Husky (the invasion of Sicily) and the Italian Campaign that followed (e.g. as early as the 1944 fictional, but accurate account of Salerno in .php amazon_pp("0803261489","A Walk in the Sun");?>) Atkinson provides a comprehensively researched and richly detailed story in this excellent book. He not only follows the battle as the Allies scratch out progress measured in yards and blood, but enlivens the description with personal anecdotes from the diaries, letters and memoirs of participants, officers and men up and down the chain of command: generals, officers, soldiers on the line, war correspondents. While the book is focused on the American units and their leaders, the story of the British and other Allies in the fight is also told, along with the view from the Germans and Italians. Starting with the prelude to Husky, the action is followed through the invasion of mainland Italy, the hard fighting up the mountainous boot, to the liberation of Rome in June of 1944. The larger issues of the relationship of the Mediterranean campaigns to the rest of the war are revealed and the ultimate question is resolved: was Italy worth the cost? Atkinson shows why the Italian campaign had to be, despite the horrific cost of so difficult and costly a slog.
Firestorm: Allied Airpower and the Destruction of Dresden
by Marshall De Bruhl. Random House (November 28, 2006), Hardcover: 368 pages. The Allied bombing of Dresden, Germany (13-15 February 1945) heavily damaged a large percentage of the city's buildings, among them many cultural landmarks, killing an estimated 25,000 to 35,000 people. The raid became controversial as some commentators argued that Dresden was not a military target and that the Nazi government was near defeat in any case. With the luxury of hindsight, some called the raid a war crime. In this book, De Bruhl assembles the evidence to show that Dresden was a center for war production. The war was still in progress, the Germans were not yet beaten, and Dresden was a legitimate target. The Dresden bombing, in the contemporary context that included V-1 and V-2 rockets falling daily on the UK, was legitimate and proportional.
Every Shape, Every Shadow: A Novel of Guadalcanal
by Roger L. Conlee. Pale Horse Productions (November 18, 2004), Paperback: 267 pages. This historical novel features a fictitious platoon and dialogue, but is wholly accurate as an account of the bloody 1942 Guadalcanal campaign. As a tribute to the 1st Marine Division, the real heroes are all there, including General Archer Vandegrift, Colonel "Red Mike" Edson, General Roy Geiger and Sgt. Manila John Basilone. The book was recognized with the Military Writers Society of America's 2006 Distinguished Honor Award.
Pattons Photographs: War As He Saw It
by Kevin M. Hymel. Potomac Books (April 30, 2006), Hardcover: 172 pages. While researching other military history in the Library of Congress, the author found previously unknown photo albums from Gen. Patton's war service, donated by Patton's family after the war. This book is a collection of the best of the photos, organized chronologically from the campaign in North Africa through the liberation of Western Europe in 1945. The collection is unique in that the scenes were selected by Patton himself and reflect his priorities in fighting the war as well as his sense of himself and the legacy he wanted. Sidebar notes and Patton family captions add to the value of the photos themselves. Unique and fascinating.
Dunkirk Spirit by Alan Pearce (ebook). This novel, the first ever on the subject, tells the full true story of the Dunkirk evacuation in the early months of the Second World War. Journalist Alan Pearce reveals the incredible personal sacrifice and bravery both on the home front and at the front line. Drawing on personal accounts and official histories, the novel relives the harrowing evacuation under fire and paints a remarkable picture of life in the early days of the war when England faced invasion while the British Army lay trapped on the shores of France.
Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway
by Jonathan B. Parshall, Anthony Tully. Potomac Books (December 15, 2005), Hardcover: 640 pages. Shattered Sword is a groundbreaking new treatment of the Battle of Midway that corrects long-held myths and finally provides a complete and accurate account of the epic 1942 sea battle that was the first step to the eventual American victory in the Pacific Theater of World War II. This naval history of Japan's loss at Midway provides an hour by hour account never before available, fully exploring both side's tactical doctrine and operational results. Survivor's stories from the Japanese side give deep insight into horrific crew conditions on their vessels that bring appreciation and honor to their service. You don't know the Battle of Midway until you have digested this book.
Experiences of a World War II Veteran: Before, During And After the War
by James Woodall Taylor. Authorhouse (August 31, 2005), 284 pages. Dr. Taylor recounts his life and career, starting as a country boy in Tennessee, living on subsistence farming during the Depression, to vivid experiences as a noncom on Tinian and Okinawa in the Pacific Theater during WW II, and his civilian life afterward. Dr. Taylor candidly recalls his successes and failures, and the lessons and philosophical questions drawn from life’s up and downs.
The Jedburghs: The Secret History of the Allied Special Forces, France 1944
by Lt. Col. Will Irwin (Ret.) PublicAffairs; 1st edition (September 6, 2005), 323 pages. The Jedburghs is a good capsule history of the 1944 D-Day invasion and its aftermath, helping the reader to understand Eisenhower’s plans and the movement of armies, but it also delves into the details of the role of Jedburghs, how they were organized, their equipment and training, and the selection and experiences of individuals and small teams as they took up the special warfare challenge and carried out their missions. Using interviews, diaries and letters, and other direct sources Col. Irwin brings alive what it was like to join the Jedburghs, go through the punishing mental and physical training, and then to parachute as 3-man teams into France, behind German lines, to work with the Marquis to harrass, interdict and defeat the Germans. Many things went wrong, from missed drop zones and lapsed communications to traitors among the French, but the Jeds were above all resourceful and time after time created victory out of almost nothing. The heroic and inspiring accounts of the actions of individual Jeds and seven of the teams is the strongest part of the book. In an Epilogue, the author provides a follow up of the life of Jedburgh veterans after the war. It is revealing, but not surprising, to learn that these extraordinary men generally rose to high positions and professional attainment, including Major Wm. Colby whose Jed experience in WW II led to a career in the intelligence community and to his appointment as CIA Director in 1973. An Appendix provides a detailed roster of the Jedburgh teams and missions in France. See also, the Olive-Drab.com page on The Jedburghs.
A Question of Honor: The Kosciuszko Squadron, Forgotten Heroes of World War II
, by Lynne Olson and Stanley Cloud. Knopf; 1st edition (September 23, 2003), 512 pages. This well written history of Polish fighters in
World War II is actually much more than its title conveys. Here are rich,
personal details about the relentlessly brave Polish pilots who escaped
the Nazi invasion and founght decisively with the RAF, side by side in
the crucial days of the Battle of Britain. But the book also adds much
to the history of the Eastern Front, especially the situation in Poland
during the Nazi occupation and the Soviet invasion from the east at war's
end. The suffering of Poland from Nazi brutality did not suppress its
heroic uprisings, unique in Europe. And, sadly, the book documents the
tragic betrayal of the Poles by British and American leaders who sought
to appease the Soviet Union during the war -- doing little as the Soviet
army stood by and watched the Nazi's crush the Warsaw revolt -- and afterward
when Stalin absorbed Poland while the western Allies turned their backs.
Bates Books offers two histories of the fighting in France in 1944-1945. The first, The
Charge of the Bull, recounts the battles of 11th British Armoured
Division from the time they landed in Normandy, on 13 and 14 June, 1944,
between Bernières and Courseulles on the Channel coast, to January,
1946, when the Division was disbanded in Flensburg, Germany, on the Baltic
Sea, at the Danish border. The second book, The
Search for Sidney, is the story of Corporal Sidney Bates, VC, a young,
working-class, cockney boy who fell in Normandy in the battles following
the D-Day landings. The author (same last name but no relation) went to
France and worked closely with French and British survivors to establish
the fine details of the events. Eventually, it turned out to be a search
not only for the battlefield and for the personality of Sidney Bates himself,
but also for ways to correct certain misunderstandings, even slanders,
both on the military and civilian sides, that have crept into the D-Day
An Army at Dawn: The War in North Africa, 1942-1943
by Rick Atkinson. 672 pages (October 2002) Henry Holt & Company, Inc.
Operation Torch, the campaign in North Africa, was the first major effort
of the United States in World War II. Although overshadowed today by the
D-Day invasion of Normandy and subsequent battles into the heart of Germany,
it was in North Africa that the U.S. military learned how to craft an
allied force with the British to defeat the initially superior Germans.
Commanders such as Patton, Bradley, Clark and Eisenhower, along with their
officers and men, were tested and learned the necessary lessons for the
coming war in Italy and western Europe. After the intensively described
battle of Kasserine Pass (February 1943), where American forces were mauled,
out of defeat the allies learned that even Rommel could be held and defeated.
In An Army at Dawn, Atkinson brings to life this strategic and
tactical picture of the movement of armies and development of the alliance
that eventually won the war. But more than that he illuminates the elusive
"what was it like" through numerous personal stories and anecdotes. His
style is highly readable and never bogs down, keeping the overall picture
clear while zeroing in on lots of little-known details.
Yards of War : The Extraordinary Courage of Ordinary Men in World War
by Ronald J. Drez, Stephen E. Ambrose. 296 pages (November 2001)
Hyperion. Ronald Drez worked with Stephen Ambrose at the Eisenhower Center
(U. of New Orleans) on the Normandy Project, the basis of Ambrose's book .php amazon_pp("0671673343","D-Day June 6, 1944 : The Climactic Battle of World War II");?>. That experience
led to this fine book of personal stories set in ten of the most significant
actions of World War II. Each chapter follows the experience of an individual
through their own path as the events unfolded day by day. The book provides
an outline of the strategic picture, the grand design, but the soldiers,
sailors, Marines, and pilots didn't have that view at the time as they
did what they had to do to get the job done and maybe survive. This book
adds texture and detail to what you may already know about events from
the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo to Iwo Jima and the Battle of the Bulge.
Pearl Harbor Betrayed
by Michael Gannon. 320 pages (September 2001)
Henry Holt & Company, Inc. Historian and author Michael Gannon presents
a most compelling story of the complex and interrelated events, decisions,
actions and judgements that led to the disaster at Pearl Harbor on December
7, 1941. The book easily dispels myths like "Roosevelt did it"
or "The millitary was asleep". Those glib assertions don't stand
under the weight of detailed review of the multitude of actions going
on in 1941 as the Navy and Army built up the fleet, defenses, strategy
and tactics for the war it knew was coming. Individual decisions, at the
time unrelated and taken for good reasons or through the workings of blind
bureaucracy, left Admiral Kimmel and General Short isolated in Hawaii
without the startegic intelligence or tactical defenses needed to handle
the attack that was predicted by many (although not really expected).
The defenders were actually very well trained and fought bravely, but
were reacting to a surprise and had limited weapons and equipment for
the fight. In the aftermath there was a rush to judgement as the nation
shifted to a war footing and had to put the blame for Pearl Harbor on
Hitler Stopped by Franco
by Jane Boyar and Burt Boyar. 323 pages (July 2001) Marbella House. In June of 1940 Hitler was master of Europe, seemingly an unstoppable force. England was under assault from the Luftwaffe and
its fall seemed only weeks away. To seal the fate of England, and possibly
civilization, Hitler needed Gibralter to control the Mediterranean. That
seemed simple: wasn't General Franco in Spain an ally of The Third Reich?
Didn't Germany and Italy provide crucial support in the Spanish Civil
War that brought Franco to power? It would seem so, but somehow Franco,
alone of all the powers of Continental Europe, resisted falling into the
hands of Hitler. By resisting and delaying, he cost Germany the key logistical
position that made the Allied landings in North Africa possible and ultimately
led to the end of Hitler's Reich. This book tells the story of how these
events unfolded by making it into a novel. Based on in-depth research,
but with invented dialog where no documents exist, it makes a fascinating
read as the conversations, meetings, and diplomatic dispatches show how
little Franco and his relatively weak country defied the greatest tyrant
of the 20th century and got away with it.
The Two-Ocean War
by Samuel Eliot Morison. Little Brown and Company (Reprint edition, November 1989), Paperback: 611 pages. The subtitle is "A Short History of the United States Navy in the Second World War" which understates the completeness of the coverage of the immense Atlantic and Pacific naval campaigns of the war, including the invasion and conquest of the many Pacific islands. It is only short when compated to Morison's own fifteen volume history of US naval operations in WW II, but is easy to read and keeps a brisk pace. A must for any military library of World War II.
by Captain Joseph Enright, USN with James Ryan. 336 pages
(October 2000) St Martins Press Paperback. In late 1944 the Japanese Navy
launched Shinano, a mammoth 72,000-ton aircraft carrier, commanded
by one of Japan's most able Captains. This enormous ship, built in complete
secrecy, embodied Japan's hopes of stopping the onslaught of the U.S.
and its allies across the Pacific toward their home islands. Through an
incredible series of improbable events combined with the skill and daring
of Captain Enright and his crew, a lone U.S. submarine, Archer-Fish,
sank the Shinano on its maiden voyage, just hours after it left
the port where it was built. This gripping account combines Enright's
story with interviews, diaries, and captured documents gathered after
the war from the officers and men on the Shinano.
Day of Infamy
by Walter Lord. 256 pages. Originally published in 1957, this is the 60th Anniversary Edition (May 2001). Owl Books. 2001 is the 60th anniversary of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7,
1941, the event that ended any thought of the U.S. avoiding participation
in World War II. Americans in 1941 were not sure that war with Japan was
coming. Many thought a long-distance attack against Hawaii was impossible
or that air power was impotent against major ships. All illusions were
shattered as the planes converged on Pearl just after sunup that Sunday.
In this book, the definitive history of the day, Walter Lord details (!)
the attack starting with the Japanese planning, logistics and unprecendented
cross-Pacific execution. He follows the minute by minute experiences on
the ground and in the air over Oahu as the action unfolded. Though the
words and memories of hundreds of people, on both sides, who were there
he reconstructs the sights, sounds, and feelings as if the reader was
there too. (If you plan to see the movie "Pearl Harbor" this
book is your best preparation.) The book ends with President Roosevelt's
historic "Day of Infamy" speech -- within a hour America declared
war, the beginning of the end for the aggressors.
Strange Victory: Hitler's Conquest of France
by Ernest R. May. 384 pages (September 2000) Hill & Wang Pub. At the outset of WW II in Europe, France and England seemed to have the largest, best prepared armies far exceeding Germany's war potential. When Hitler first announced his plans for France to his
staff, they recoiled in disbelief and asked for delays of years. But Hitler
insisted and, to everyones' amazement he was right -- France collapsed
and Britian withdrew at Dunkerque. narrowly avoiding complete destruction.
In this carefully researched book, Ernest May explores the day by day
developments on all sides that led to this unexpected Strange Victory.
Some Survived : A True Story of the Desert War Against Rommel
by Charles Ronald. 312 pages (December 1999) American Literary Press. Ronald follows a British tank regiment from training in England through battles in the
North African desert in the early days of World War II. They fight, suffer,
and die struggling against Rommel, the Luftwaffe, and their own inept
officers and inadequate supplies and equipment. The narrative speaks with
great authenticity exposing the ground level view of the war and the soldiers
who fought, sometimes reluctantly, until victory.
Duty : A Father, His Son & the Man Who Won the War
by Bob Greene.
304 pages (May 2000) William Morrow & Company. Greene's moving book
is rewarding at two levels. He reveals new first-person details of Col.
Paul Tibbets and his Hiroshima mission that convinced the Japanese to finally end the war. More profoundly, through conversations with Tibbets and revealing introspection about his own father's Army service in Italy,
Greene uncovers the intricate cultural connections binding the wartime
generation. Asking few questions, making no demands they did their duty,
putting their lives on the line to win the war and secure the peaceful,
prosperous postwar nation. Today's generation hardly recognizes these
warriors but owes everything to them.
The Second World War
by John Keegan. 608 pages (Reprinted September 1990) Penguin USA (Paper). Keegan, a military historian and prolific writer (search this page for other Keegan books) has produced the best one-volume treatment available on WW II. An outstanding synthesis of an enormous amount of material on "the largest single event in human history."
The Fighting Pattons
presents a unique view of a military family, and most importantly displays the lives of a father and son: a father who
would become an American hero and a son who excelled on his own terms,
but who was profoundly influenced by a figure who had gained legendary
status. Includes a vast array of never before published information on
Patton's family and WW II. Link
with more about this book.
The Military Music
& Bandsmen of Adolf Hitler's Third Reich 1933-1945 by Brian Matthews.
An exciting, photo-filled, 100,000-word book focusing on German military
music during the years of the Third Reich. Painstakingly researched to
reveal this overlooked area of German military history, a 20-chapter work
that will appeal both to the military music/brass band enthusiast and
Third Reich collector/historian.
A Bridge Too Far
by Cornelius Ryan. Paperback - 670 pages Reprint edition (May 1995) Simon and Schuster Books. The dramatic final volume in Ryan's superb World War II trilogy focuses on the battle for Arnhem. Ryan draws from a vast cast of characters--from Dutch civilians to British and American
strategists to common soldiers and commanders--to bring to life this daring
military operation. Photos.
The Longest Day : June 6, 1944
by Cornelius Ryan The original, definitive book on D-day, the basis for the epic movie with the same name. Full of details on the strategy, tactics, individual stories and hour-by-hour
accounts of the deadly, ultimately successful action. Paperback, 350 pages.
Published by Touchstone Books. Publication date: May 1994.
The Last Battle
by Cornelius Ryan. Paperback - 571 pages Reprint edition (May 1995) Simon and Schuster Books. Ryan's well-known ability to recreate the sights and sounds of war with breathtaking immediacy resounds in this
portrait of the last Allied offensive against Hitler's Third Reich--the
Battle for Berlin. 52 photos. 4 maps.
Crusade in Europe
by Dwight D. Eisenhower. This is Ike's own memoirs of the massive campaign of land armies which drove the final stake into the heart of Nazi Germany. Every military library must include this book! Reprint Edition. Paperback, 559 pages. Published by Johns Hopkins Univ Press. Publication date: April 1997
Vanguard Of The Crusade: The 101st Airborne Division In World War II
, by Mark Bando. A chronicle of the 101st Airborne "Screaming Eagles" from 1943 England through their critical role in D-Day and on to the end of the war in Germany. The story is built from hundreds of interviews and personal diaries of 101st veterans, the building blocks of history from the memories of those who were there.
Flags of Our Fathers
. The author James Bradley is the son of John "Doc" Bradley, one of the six men who raised the flag on Iwo Jima February 23,
1945. In this book, he probes the events and the men of the USMC in that
immense 36 day battle for a small island, the valor and horrific scenes
his reticent father never was willing to speak of. A moving, revealing
book about the war, the battle and the individual Americans who fought.
The Rape of Nanking : The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II
by Iris Chang. 290 pages (November 1998) Penguin USA (Paper). The horrible events in Nanking under Japanese occupation in 1937 are the subject of this book. In Nanking, China's capital city, Japanese soldiers were trained to slaughter unarmed, unresisting civilians, as they would later do throughout Asia, likening their victims to insects and animals.
Bataan : Our Last Ditch : The Bataan Campaign, 1942
by John W. Whitman .
Hardcover - 754 pages (November 1990) Hippocrene Books. Detailed military
history of the attack, defense, and fall of Bataan. Gives the reader great
insight into the accomplishments,ingenuity,espirit and gallantry of The
American and Philippine soldiers stand in the face of impossible odds
and abandonment in the early months of the Pacific War.
Desert Explorer : A Biography of Colonel P.A. Clayton, by Peter Clayton (March 1998) Zerzura Press . This book relates the true
history of desert warfare behind the movie "The English Patient" including
the history of the Long Range Desert Group. Well illustrated with unique
The 761st Tank Battalion (African-American Soldiers)
by Kathryn Browne Pfeifer. 80 pages (June 1994) Twenty First Century Books. This is a book for children, Grade 5 - 8, that covers the history of the black soldiers
of the 761st Tank Battalion, which served with distinction during World
War II providing advance ground support for General Patton's infantry