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LC-14-B Woodman's Pal

The LC-14-B Woodman's Pal survival axe was originally a tool for forestry or agriculture, but quickly earned a place as an outstanding military implement. The well designed and balanced blade was first procured in World War II. The LC-14-B Woodman's Pal served through the Vietnam War and is still part of the military inventory of edged tools in the 21st Century.

LC-14-B Woodmans Pal
Type IV Survival Ax, Vietnam era version of LC-14-B. Photos: Courtesy of ebay seller roughrider4.

Today in WW II: 22 Aug 1942 Brazil joins the Allies, declares war on Germany and Italy; Brazilian Expeditionary Force [FEB] sent to fight in Italy from mid-1944 until the end of the war.   

Knife LC-14-B, the Woodman's Pal, in World War II

Woodman's Pal Knife LC-14-B

The Woodman's Pal was developed by Frederick Ehrsam in 1941, and quickly established itself commercially as a superior tool for the forest or jungle. During World War II the tool was issued to Signal Corps and other soldiers under the nomenclature "Knife LC-14-B" for brush clearing or as a survival tool. It came with a cotton sheath/bag that had a zipper down one side, a strap at the closure and an M1910 hook at top. Using the hook, the LC-14-B could be attached to a pistol belt or other attachment point equipped with the hanger grommets. The back of the case had a short strap with snaps to aid in tying the case down.

In addition to the tool itself, two booklets and a sharpening stone were issued in the bag.

The booklets were titled:

  • Care, Use and Sharpening of Knife LC-14-B (Orange cover)
  • Fighting with Knife LC-14-B (Blue cover)

Blade Markings on the Woodman's Pal Knife LC-14-B

The LC-14-B was manufactured for the Army by Victor Tool Co. of Reading, PA. The parkerized blade is 12 inches long, 2 5/8 inches at its widest point and 16 5/8 inches overall length. The handle is made of stacked leather washers with a steel hand guard painted black. The blade is stamped as shown in the photo, left. The handguard is stamped on the back "LC-14-B." The case will be marked inside the zipper with "LC-14-B" and the manufacturer information.

Type IV Survival Ax in Vietnam

During the Vietnam war, the Woodman's Pal was designated as the Type IV Survival Ax, the main component of the "Tool Kit, Survival, Type IV" issued as NSN 8465-973-4807 under specification MIL-S-8642C. It was issued to air crews, helicopter crews, and for other survival purposes. In addition to the tool itself, the kit included:

  • Sharpening stone on chain with instructions
  • Burning Glass (magnifying lens) with instructions
  • Pouches for the stone and glass
  • Nylon tie cord, OD color
  • Case

During this time period the tool was manufactured by Frank & Warren, Inc. The blade itself and the case will be so marked. The base of the case had two grommets for tying it to a leg or pack so it will not bounce. Early cases were cotton duck but were changed to nylon like other Army equipment of the Vietnam era.

For aircrew survival, the same tool was issued as the Global Survival Kit, SK-NA-2 Aircrewmans.

The Woodman's Pal is now manufactured by Pro Tool Industries of Boyertown, PA.

Find More Information on the Internet

There are many fine websites that have additional information on this topic, too many to list here and too many to keep up with as they come and go. Use this Google web search form to get an up to date report of what's out there.

For good results, try entering this: lc-14-b or woodmans pal. Then click the Search button.

Type IV Survival Ax in Vietnam Tool Kit, Survival, Type IV

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