MedEvac Helicopters

Helicopters for military medical evacuation appeared late in World War II and fully emerged in the Korean War and Vietnam. MedEvac Helicopters quickly added another important dimension to the rapid evacuation of casualties, first supplementing and then largely replacing the tactical truck ambulances that predominated on the battlefield in World War II.

Army UH-1 Iroquois MedEvac helicopter comes in to pick up a paratrooper injured in a mass air drop during Exercise Gallant Eagle '82, Fort Irwin, CA, 1 April 1982
Army UH-1 Iroquois MedEvac helicopter comes in to pick up a paratrooper injured in a mass air drop during Exercise Gallant Eagle '82, Fort Irwin, CA, 1 April 1982.

Today in WW II: 23 Feb 1942 Japanese submarine I-17 attacks a coastal oil refinery at Santa Barbara, CA. 17 high-explosive shells cause insignificant damage.  More 
23 Feb 1944 US forces achieve victory in the Battle of Eniwetok Atoll, in the Pacific Marshall Islands.
23 Feb 1945 US Marines from 28th Marines, 5th Marine Division captured the summit of Mt. Suribachi on Iwo Jima, after days of intense fighting. Without realizing its significance, Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal snapped the world famous Iwo Jima flag photo.
23 Feb 1945 Allied Forces cross the Roer River [Operation Grenade].
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

MedEvac Helicopters

During World War II, there was an initial, rudimentary use of helicopters as "air ambulances" to supplement the use of trucks for frontline evacuation, but it was in the Korean War that the helicopter came of age in that role. Soon the helicopter became the primary means for evacuating the most seriously wounded, injured, and ill soldiers from the fighting front to the Mobile Army Surgical Hospitals (MASH units) and rear area evacuation hospitals for life-saving treatment. Helicopter medical evacuation, universally called "MEDEVAC", soon became central to the Army Medical Department's concept of battlefield care and evacuation. During Vietnam, helicopter MEDEVAC became known as "Dustoff", a designation it has retained ever since. This section describes the development of helicopter evacuation and features many of the rotary wing craft employed for that purpose.

MedEvac UH-60 Blackhawk and M997 HMMWV ambulance at Barahona, Dominican Republic during humanitarian assistance project New Horizon 2006, 23 March 2006
MedEvac UH-60 Blackhawk and M997 HMMWV ambulance at Barahona, Dominican Republic during humanitarian assistance project New Horizon 2006, 23 March 2006.

Medical evacuation, or MedEvac, refers to moving patients from the point of injury, usually from the battlefield, to a nearby medical facility. The history and development of this crucial capability is organized by time period in these sections:

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