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Israeli Trauma Dressing
Israeli Trauma Bandage
The leading preventable cause of death on the battlefield is bleeding from an extremity. Bleeding from an arm or leg can usually be controlled by applying an emergency trauma bandage, applying manual pressure, and elevating the injured limb. If the pressure bandage fails, a tourniquet can be applied to stop the flow of blood below the tourniquet band. Even when a severe wound requires an immediate tourniquet to stop the blood flow, when the casualty has been properly evaluated and treated an emergency trauma bandage or pressure dressing may be applied to the wound and then the tourniquet may be loosened. If possible, this will make it more likely that amputation of the limb can be avoided.
Description of the Israeli Trauma Bandage
The Bandage Kit, Elastic" is also called the "trauma bandage", "emergency bandage", the "Israeli bandage", or the "Israeli pressure dressing". It replaces the standard battle dressing issued for decades in the first aid pouch. The main purpose of the trauma bandage is to serve as a pressure dressing. It can also be used to provide a tourniquet-like effect to slow blood circulation, though soldiers should use a Combat Application Tourniquet (CAT) as first choice if a tourniquet is needed. The trauma bandage is available to every servicemember as a component of the Improved First Aid Kit (IFAK) and the Combat Lifesavers Bag.
The Israeli Bandage must be kept inside its package to keep it clean. The Israeli bandage has a built in tension bar that applies continuous pressure to the wound, allowing the bandage to act as a stand-alone field dressing, sling, pressure dressing and mild tourniquet. It is ideal for head wounds, because it can be wrapped very easily. Directions on how to use the bandage are printed on the back of the package.
The Israeli Bandage was developed by Jerusalem-based First Care Products Ltd., a startup company founded by inventor Bernard Bar-Natan. First Care sold about 200,000 of the bandages to the U.S. military in 2003, and 800,000 in 2004.
Nine Steps to Apply the Israeli Bandage Properly
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