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Military HMMWV Variants

The High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV, pronounced humvee) is not a single vehicle, but rather is a family of vehicles and platforms intended to be adapted to a wide variety of military missions. Since the introduction of the basic M998 utility truck in 1985, the HMMWV family has grown to meet new requirements and military challenges.

A1 variants entered production in 1992, with upgraded driveline components, heavy-duty rear springs, an improved brake system, a high-ratio transfer and 2.73:1 front and rear differentials. The A2 configuration included a new 6.5-liter, naturally aspirated diesel engine; an electronically controlled, four-speed automatic transmission; and a redesigned emissions system that met 1995 EPA standards. Other features enhanced user comfort, vehicle maintainability and performance.

1985 photo of an early delivery u.s. army m998 hmmwv with m2 .50 cal. machine gun and nato three-color camouflage paint scheme.
1985 photo of an early delivery U.S. Army M998 HMMWV with M2 .50 cal. machine gun and NATO three-color camouflage paint scheme.

Today in WW II: 18 Apr 1941 As German troops approach Athens, the Greek Prime Minister Alexandros Koryzis commits suicide.  More 
18 Apr 1942 Doolittle Raid takes American bombers to Tokyo.
18 Apr 1943 Japanese Combined Fleet Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto killed when intercepted and shot down over Bougainville by 18 P-38 aircraft, the longest such mission of the war.
18 Apr 1945 Esteemed American war correspondent Ernie Pyle killed by Japanese machine gun fire, island of Ie Shima off Okinawa.
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) Variants

M1114 Up-Armored High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) leads a convoy from the 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment, 2nd Squadron (Saber), Lion Battery during Operation Iraqi Freedom, Ninewa Province, Iraq, 14 August 2005
M1114 Up-Armored High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) leads a convoy from the 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment, 2nd Squadron (Saber), Lion Battery during Operation Iraqi Freedom, Ninewa Province, Iraq, 14 August 2005.

Following the original series of HMMWV vehicles, the Heavy Variant (M1097 class) was added with a payload of 4,400 pounds to carry communications shelters and with enough towing capacity to serve as the prime mover for the M119 Light Howitzer. The Expanded Capacity Vehicle (ECV) uses the M1097A2 base configuration with a 6.5-liter 190hp turbo diesel providing payload capacity of 5,100 pounds, used for the M1114 up-armored HMMWV and other versions with payloads that exceed 4,400 pounds. The up-armored HMMWVs provide ballistic and blast protection, originally intended for military police, special operations, and scouts but rapidly increased in numbers for convoy protection in Iraq and Afghanistan. Gunner Protective Kits provide 360-degree protection for the vulnerable roof gunners.

The HMMWV A1 models have improved seating, upgraded electronics and M1097 components across the family. The HMMWV A2 configuration incorporates the four-speed, electronic transmission, the EPA compliant 160hp 6.5-liter diesel engine, new rear seats (similar to front seats used in A1 models), and other improvements.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the HMMWV at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

Truck, Utility, Heavy Variant/Cargo/Troop Carrier, M1123.  The M1123 HMMWV variant replaced the M998 and M1038 variant HMMWVs. The M1123 provides light troop and cargo transportation. Available in two and four person configurations, this model can accept installation of troop seats and other modifications. This variant can be used as the vehicle platform for mobile communication systems as well as other mobile alternate command posts. When used by USMC, the Marine Armor Kit (MAK) can be installed on M1123, in either two or four door configurations.
US Soldiers guide an M113 Armored Personnel Carrier from a raft onto the shore of the Arkansas River at Fort Chaffee, AR, 26 July 2011. Floating bridge sections were constructed to ferry equipment as part of training during River Assault 2011.  HMMWVs and FMTV on bank in background.
An M998 High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), left, and an M39-series 5-ton 6x6 van truck stand on the pier prior to loading aboard a utility landing craft, 15 February 1991. The craft will transport the USMC equipment to a Navy ship which, in turn, will transport it to Saudi Arabia in support of Operation Desert Shield.
HMMWV is secured to the rear deck of a Palletized Load System (PLS) 10x10 Truck to be moved from the area after a simulation of being disabled by a roadside bomb, part of 3rd Infantry Division Mission Readiness Exercisem Fort Stewart, GA, 6 March 2007.
Civilian contractor Richard Troxell installs an Omni Tracs transmitter onto an Up-Armored High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) at Pier 8 in the Port of Pusan, Republic of Korea, 20 Oct 1998. The Omni Tracs satellite system is a commerical system that is being used as a prototype to determine its capabilities to keep track of their position and report that position to the Global Command and Control System in near real time. The transmitters are being installed on vehicles used in exercise Foal Eagle 98.
86th Combat Support Hospital Soldiers use an M-Gator All Terrain Vehicle (ATV) to transport a litter patient to the field hospital, Operation IRAQI FREEDOM, Iraq, 30 Mar 2003.  HMMWV ambulance in background.

Table of HMMWV Model Numbers and Variants

This page lists the many variants of the HMMWV with their model numbers and a brief description. The list was compiled as of August 2005 and updated thereafter.

LINM-NumberDescriptionMax PayloadMax Towed Load
T05096M966HMMWV - TOW Carrier2,1493,400
T05096M966A1HMMWV - TOW Carrier2,1493,550
T38707M996HMMWV - 2-litter Ambulance1,9123,400
T38707M996A1HMMWV - 2-litter Ambulance1,9123,400
T38844M997HMMWV - 4-litter Ambulance1,9203,400
T38844M997A1HMMWV - 4-litter Ambulance1,9203,400
T38844M997A2HMMWV - 4-litter Ambulance2,5304,200
T61494M998HMMWV - Cargo/Troop Carrier2,5003,400
T61494M998A1HMMWV - Cargo/Troop Carrier2,5003,400
T92242M1025HMMWV - Armament Carrier2,2403,400
T92242M1025A1HMMWV - Armament Carrier2,2403,685
T92242M1025A2HMMWV - Armament Carrier3,5204,200
T92310M1026HMMWV - Armament Carrier w/w2,1133,400
T92310M1026A1HMMWV - Armament Carrier w/w2,1133,400
D1002*M1035HMMWV - Soft Top 2-litter Ambulance2,4033,400
YA0252M1035A1HMMWV - Soft Top 2-litter Ambulance2,4033,400
D1002*M1035A2HMMWV - Soft Top 2-litter Ambulance4,2004,200
 M1036HMMWV - TOW Carrier Armored w/w2,0223,400
T07543M1037HMMWV - Shelter Carrier3,4603,400
T61562M1038HMMWV - Cargo/Troop Carrier w/w2,3733,400
T61562M1038A1HMMWV - Cargo/Troop Carrier w/w2,3733,400
D1180*M1042HMMWV - Shelter Carrier w/w3,3403,400
D1159*M1043HMMWV - Armamant Carrier1,9893,400
D1159*M1043A1HMMWV - Armamant Carrier1,9893,400
D1159*M1043A2HMMWV - Armamant Carrier3,0904,200
D1159*M1044HMMWV - Armamant Carrier w/w1,8623,400
D1159*M1044A1HMMWV - Armamant Carrier w/w1,8623,400
D1125*M1045HMMWV - Armamant Carrier1,9623,400
D1125*M1045A1HMMWV - Armamant Carrier1,9623,400
D1125*M1045A2HMMWV - Armamant Carrier3,0364,200
D1125*M1046HMMWV - TOW Carrier w/w1,8353,400
D1125*M1046A1HMMWV - TOW Carrier w/w1,8353,400
 M1059HMMWV - Smoke Generator Carrier   
T07611M1069HMMWV - Prime mover, M119 105mm Gun  
T07679M1097HMMWV - Shelter Carrier, heavy4,4004,200
T07679M1097A1HMMWV - Shelter Carrier, heavy4,4004,200
T07679M1097A2HMMWV - Shelter Carrier, heavy4,4004,200
F80012M1109HMMWV - Armored Armamant Carrier  
T61630M1113HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Vehicle5,1004,200
T92446M1114HMMWV - Armored ECV w/w2,3004,200
 M1116HMMWV - Armored ECV  
 M1121HMMWV - Armamant Carrier  
 M1123HMMWV - Heavy Duty Cargo/Troop Carrier4,4004,200
 M1145HMMWV - Heavy Duty Cargo/Troop Carrier  
Z00395M1151HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Armament Carrier w/o Armor (Base)4,000 
T34704M1151A1HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Armament Carrier IAP/Armor Ready (w/AC)3,350 
T34704M1151A1HMMWV - w/B1 Expanded Capacity Armament Carrier Armored (w/AC)1,800 
Z00394M1152HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Enhanced w/o Armor (Base)5,1004,200
T37588M1152A1HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Enhanced IAP/Armor Ready (w/AC)4,400 
T37588M1152A1HMMWV - w/B2 Expanded Capacity Enhanced Armored (w/AC)3,340 
T38873M1165HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Command and Control/General Purpose w/o Armor (Base)4,950 
T56383M1165A1HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Command and Control/General Purpose IAP/Armor Ready (w/AC)4,270 
T56383M1165A1HMMWV - w/B3 Expanded Capacity Command and Control/General Purpose Armored (w/AC)2,230 
 M1167HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Vehicle (ECV) TOW Carrier  
 M1211HMMWV - ECV2  
 M1212HMMWV - ECV2  
 M1213HMMWV - ECV2  
 M1214HMMWV - ECV2  

* LIN with asterisk is USMC TAMCN, otherwise Army.

Recommended Books about the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV)

Find More Information on the Internet

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