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The introduction of aircraft to warfare in the early 20th Century required a defense, initially machine guns. As aircraft gained in range, power, and maneuverability defensive anti-aircraft artillery was developed that could shoot a powerful shell fast enough and high enough to intercept and down the target planes. During World War II, fire director electronics, radar, and the variable time (VT) fuse kept the AAA defenders equal to the threat. But the development of jet aircraft in the decades following WW II made cannon and machine guns obsolete for AAA defense. Modern anti-aircraft missiles were introduced to counter tactical aircraft and strategic bombers while the goal of anti-missile defense has been pursued to counter strategic missile threats.
For many more photos of antiaircraft artillery, tanks, halftracks, armored cars, tank destroyers, trucks, jeeps and more, visit the linked page.
Chart of Anti-Aircraft Artillery
In this chart anti-aircraft artillery (AAA), click on the photo link to go to the page of photos and information for the specific weapon. Additional photos on the Olive-Drab.com Artillery page in the Military Firepower section. See also:
Another place to look is in the Military Weapons and Weapons Systems section of the Olive-Drab Historical Military Photo and Poster Gallery.
Recommended Books about AAA Artillery