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AAA Artillery

The introduction of aircraft to warfare in the early 20th Century required a defense, initially machine guns. As aircraft gained in range, power, and maneuverability defensive anti-aircraft artillery was developed that could shoot a powerful shell fast enough and high enough to intercept and down the target planes. During World War II, fire director electronics, radar, and the variable time (VT) fuse kept the AAA defenders equal to the threat. But the development of jet aircraft in the decades following WW II made cannon and machine guns obsolete for AAA defense. Modern anti-aircraft missiles were introduced to counter tactical aircraft and strategic bombers while the goal of anti-missile defense has been pursued to counter strategic missile threats.

A static display of US Army Antiaircraft Command 90mm and 75mm Skysweeper guns,  radars, and support equipment, 1955.  Image courtesy of Paul Freeman
A static display of US Army Antiaircraft Command 90mm and 75mm Skysweeper guns, radars, and support equipment, 1955. Image courtesy of Paul Freeman.

For many more photos of antiaircraft artillery, tanks, halftracks, armored cars, tank destroyers, trucks, jeeps and more, visit the linked page.

Today in WW II: 25 Nov 1941 Germans reach outskirts of Moscow but cannot sustain attack; Germans hold positions until Dec 5.  More 
25 Nov 1942 British SOE team and anti-Nazi Greeks blow up the Gorgopotamos railway viaduct, the first significant sabotage in occupied Europe [Operation Harling, Nov 25-26].
25 Nov 1943 Battle of Cape St. George between Buka and New Ireland, off Papua New Guinea, fought by US and Japanese naval forces.
25 Nov 1944 In Philippine waters, USS Intrepid [CV-11] hit by two Japanese kamikaze planes within five minute period, killing 69 and seriously wounding 85 of the crew.
25 Nov 1944 Most deadly German V-2 rocket attack in Britain happened at New Cross Road, destroying a Woolworths store and surrounding area, killing 160 people, seriously injuring 120 others.
25 Nov 1944 Japanese occupy Nanning, a transportation hub in south China, for the second time, in final stages of the Ichi-Go offensive.
25 Nov 1944 Last American airborne troops withdraw from unsuccessful Operation Market Garden positions.
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

Chart of Anti-Aircraft Artillery

In this chart anti-aircraft artillery (AAA), click on the photo link to go to the page of photos and information for the specific weapon. Additional photos on the Olive-Drab.com Artillery page in the Military Firepower section. See also:

Another place to look is in the Military Weapons and Weapons Systems section of the Olive-Drab Historical Military Photo and Poster Gallery.

Vehicle Description Photo Link
M-16 M-16 Halftrack Multiple Gun Carriage M-16 Halftrack Multiple Gun Carriage
M-19 M-19 Twin 40mm Gun Carriage M-19 Twin 40mm Gun Carriage
M-42 M-42 Duster. Distinguish from M-19 with turret at the rear, M-42 turret is at front. M-42 Duster
M-48 M48 Chaparral Air Defense System M48 Chaparral Air Defense System
M-163 M-163 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS) M-163 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS)
40-mm AA gun Bofors Anti-Aircraft Artillery World War II Bofors 40mm Anti-Aircraft Artillery World War II
37-mm AA gun Anti-Aircraft Artillery Early World War II 37mm Anti-Aircraft Artillery Early World War II
3-inch AA gun Anti-Aircraft Artillery Early World War II 3 in Anti-Aircraft Artillery Early World War II
Skysweeper 75-mm AAA gun Anti-Aircraft Artillery Post-World War II Skysweeper 75-mm AAA gun
M1 M1A1 M2 90-mm AAA gun Anti-Aircraft Artillery World War II M1 M1A1 M2 90-mm AA gun Anti-Aircraft Artillery World War II
M1 120mm M1 120mm Gun Anti-Aircraft Artillery World War II M1 120mm Gun Anti-Aircraft Artillery World War II

Recommended Books about AAA Artillery

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