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AAA Artillery

The introduction of aircraft to warfare in the early 20th Century required a defense, initially machine guns. As aircraft gained in range, power, and maneuverability defensive anti-aircraft artillery was developed that could shoot a powerful shell fast enough and high enough to intercept and down the target planes. During World War II, fire director electronics, radar, and the variable time (VT) fuse kept the AAA defenders equal to the threat. But the development of jet aircraft in the decades following WW II made cannon and machine guns obsolete for AAA defense. Modern anti-aircraft missiles were introduced to counter tactical aircraft and strategic bombers while the goal of anti-missile defense has been pursued to counter strategic missile threats.

US artillery crew overlooking the beach in Algeria with a 40mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun, 1943
US artillery crew overlooking the beach in Algeria with a 40mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun, 1943.

For many more photos of antiaircraft artillery, tanks, halftracks, armored cars, tank destroyers, trucks, jeeps and more, visit the linked page.

Today in WW II: 23 Apr 1941 Greece surrenders to Germany and Italy. British Commonwealth troops along with elements of the Greek Army withdraw to Crete.   

Chart of Anti-Aircraft Artillery

In this chart anti-aircraft artillery (AAA), click on the photo link to go to the page of photos and information for the specific weapon. Additional photos on the Olive-Drab.com Artillery page in the Military Firepower section. See also:

Another place to look is in the Military Weapons and Weapons Systems section of the Olive-Drab Historical Military Photo and Poster Gallery.

Vehicle Description Photo Link
M-16 M-16 Halftrack Multiple Gun Carriage M-16 Halftrack Multiple Gun Carriage
M-19 M-19 Twin 40mm Gun Carriage M-19 Twin 40mm Gun Carriage
M-42 M-42 Duster. Distinguish from M-19 with turret at the rear, M-42 turret is at front. M-42 Duster
M-48 M48 Chaparral Air Defense System M48 Chaparral Air Defense System
M-163 M-163 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS) M-163 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS)
40-mm AA gun Bofors Anti-Aircraft Artillery World War II Bofors 40mm Anti-Aircraft Artillery World War II
37-mm AA gun Anti-Aircraft Artillery Early World War II 37mm Anti-Aircraft Artillery Early World War II
3-inch AA gun Anti-Aircraft Artillery Early World War II 3 in Anti-Aircraft Artillery Early World War II
Skysweeper 75-mm AAA gun Anti-Aircraft Artillery Post-World War II Skysweeper 75-mm AAA gun
M1 M1A1 M2 90-mm AAA gun Anti-Aircraft Artillery World War II M1 M1A1 M2 90-mm AA gun Anti-Aircraft Artillery World War II
M1 120mm M1 120mm Gun Anti-Aircraft Artillery World War II M1 120mm Gun Anti-Aircraft Artillery World War II

Recommended Books about AAA Artillery

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