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Military Jeeps

Military jeeps (Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4) were used for an endless variety of tactical and support missions since their introduction to the U.S. military at the beginning of World War II. The world-wide success of the jeep made it a favorite for generations of soldiers and civilians too.

2d Infantry Division, U.S. First Army jeep hugs the sidewalk during combat in the streets of Leipzig, Germany, 18 April 1945.
2d Infantry Division, U.S. First Army jeep hugs the sidewalk during combat in the streets of Leipzig, Germany, 18 April 1945.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of military jeeps at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

Ford GPA amphibian jeeps waiting to be loaded on trucks at a staging area near Detroit, MI, April 1943.  Dodge 3/4-ton 4x4 trucks in the background.
Ford-built GPA 1/4-ton 4x4 amphibian reconnaissance car, carrying soldiers equipped for combat duty takes to the water in special tests staged in the Detroit area, circa 1943.  Original caption:  Sea jeeps. Successfully crossing a fast-flowing stream, the Ford-built amphibian, with full complement of four soldiers, easily climbs opposite shore and is ready for any scouting operations. Picture shows maneuvers recently held in the Detroit area, when soldiers from Fort Wayne in full combat dress manned the machines. The controls of the new Army transportation unit for land operations are identical to the quarter-ton, four-wheel drive reconnaissance car, and no steering changeover is required from land to water operation. The new car is being used by U.S. fighting forces in war zones.
Clearing in a field behind White Beach, Agat Beachhead, Guam, prior to 28 July 1944. Trucks and jeeps load while troops advance inland.
Marines of 7th Regiment pause on a snow-covered mountainside as they push forward to Chosin Reservoir, Korea, 5 November 1950. Jeeps, trailer in lower left, other vehicles behind and in background.
A Coast Guard officer with armed Coast Guardsmen in a Ford GPW jeep as he inspects the vigilant anti-saboteur waterfront patrols that guard vital war supplies being shipped at an East coast port, April 1943.
82nd Airborne Division casualties being evacuated by jeep to a medical station in France, 12 June 1944.  Background soldiers are German prisoners of war.
Today in WW II: 24 Apr 1945 Retreating German troops in Italy destroy all the bridges over the Adige in Verona, including the historical Ponte di Castelvecchio and Ponte Pietra.   

Military / Army Jeeps

In this chart of military jeeps, click on the photo link to go to the page of photos and information for the specific jeep. This chart includes most of the jeep models utilized by the U.S. military was well as prototypes and a few from other countries. More information about early Army jeep prototypes and military production models in the About Military Jeeps section of Olive-Drab.com. Other military jeep photos are available in the Gallery.

  Pre-History and Prototypes  
Vehicle Description Photo Link
  Marmon-Harrington all-wheel-drive converted Ford Truck. Marmon-Harrington all-wheel-drive converted Ford Truck
Bantam #1
BRC-60
Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4.Bantam #1 & the BRC-60: The First Jeeps Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4.Bantam #1 & the BRC-60: The First Jeeps
Bantam BRC-40 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4 Bantam BRC-40. Early jeep design, from 1941. Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4 Bantam BRC-40. Early jeep design, from 1941.
Checker Bantam BRC-40 Bantam BRC-40 built by Checker Bantam BRC-40 built by Checker
Ford Pygmy Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4 Ford Pygmy. Prototype jeep design, from 1940. Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4 Ford Pygmy. Prototype jeep design, from 1940.
Ford GP Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Early jeep design, from 1941. Ford GP Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Early jeep design, from 1941.
Willys Quad Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Prototype jeep design, from 1940. Willys Quad Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Prototype jeep design, from 1940
Willys MA Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Early jeep design, from 1941. Willys MA Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Early jeep design, from 1941
  World War II Standard Production  
Vehicle Description Photo Link
Willys MB
Ford GPW
Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4 jeep (G-503). The standard World War II jeep. Willys MB Ford GPW Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4 jeep (G-503). The standard World War II jeep
Willys MB
Ford GPW
Ambulance
MB or GPW jeeps used as litter-carrier ambulance. See Military Ambulances
  After World War II  
Vehicle Description Photo Link
Toyota BJ Toyota Jeep BJ Toyota BJ Jeep 1953
M-38 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. jeep M-38 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. jeep
CJ-V35/U Marine Corps communications truck variant procured in 1950, based on CJ-3A. 1000 were produced.  
M-606
CJ-3B
Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Military version of CJ3B jeep M-606 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Military version of CJ3B jeep
M-38A1 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. jeep (G-758)
See also: M-170
M-38A1 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. jeep (G-758)
M-151 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. "Mutt" jeep (G-838)
Many variants including:
Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. M-718 Ambulance
M-151 Fast Attack Vehicle (FAV)
M151A1C Weapons Platform
M-825 Weapons Platform
M-151 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Mutt jeep (G-838)
M-170 Truck, Ambulance, Front Line, 1/4 ton, 4x4
Radio Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4 M-170C XT-2
See Military Ambulances
M-422
M-422A1
USMC Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. "Mighty Mite" jeep M-422 USMC Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Mighty Mite jeep
M-718 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. M-718 Ambulance, variant of M-151 See Military Ambulances
M-825 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. M-825 Weapons Platform, variant of M-151A2 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. M-825 Weapons Platform, variant of M-151A2
J8 Jeep Chrysler Jeep Wrangler Unlimited J8 Chrysler Wrangler Unlimited J8

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