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Military Jeeps

Military jeeps (Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4) were used for an endless variety of tactical and support missions since their introduction to the U.S. military at the beginning of World War II. The world-wide success of the jeep made it a favorite for generations of soldiers and civilians too.

2d Infantry Division, U.S. First Army jeep hugs the sidewalk during combat in the streets of Leipzig, Germany, 18 April 1945.
2d Infantry Division, U.S. First Army jeep hugs the sidewalk during combat in the streets of Leipzig, Germany, 18 April 1945.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of military jeeps at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

United States Army truck convoy carrying supplies for Russia on a desert road using Studebaker / Reo US6 6x4 Tractor-Trailers, somewhere in the Persian corridor, March 1943. The convoy leader in the jeep is checking trucks as they start the trip.  The US6 tractor was typically used with a 7-ton trailer.
The build-up on Omaha Beach as reinforcements of men, vehicles and equipment move inland on D-Day, 6 June 1944.  Visible: jeeps, trucks, crawler cranes, DUKWs, high-speed tractors with heavy artillery, bulldozer.
M38A1 1/4-ton 4x4 truck (jeep) in Berlin, Germany, circa 1960s. Photo:  Don McCullin
Kaiser Jeep M-715 1 1/4-ton 4x4 Cargo Truck, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, 15 September 1971.
Impassible mud on Bougainville bogs down jeeps and trucks carrying food and ammunition, circa 1943-1944. International Harvester TD-18 diesel crawlers and Athey tracked trailers were used until engineers and Seabees could surface roads with coral.  Here, U.S. Marines haul ammunition to the front lines at Bougainville, through a sea of mud.  Tropical rains and heavy equipment make short work of temporary roads and caterpillar tractors are the only vehicles equal to the task of getting through.
US Fifth Army jeeps and M4 Sherman medium tanks move through the main street of Formia  on the way to Gaeta and Itri, Formia area, Italy, 19 May 1944.
Today in WW II: 23 Apr 1941 Greece surrenders to Germany and Italy. British Commonwealth troops along with elements of the Greek Army withdraw to Crete.   

Military / Army Jeeps

In this chart of military jeeps, click on the photo link to go to the page of photos and information for the specific jeep. This chart includes most of the jeep models utilized by the U.S. military was well as prototypes and a few from other countries. More information about early Army jeep prototypes and military production models in the About Military Jeeps section of Olive-Drab.com. Other military jeep photos are available in the Gallery.

  Pre-History and Prototypes  
Vehicle Description Photo Link
  Marmon-Harrington all-wheel-drive converted Ford Truck. Marmon-Harrington all-wheel-drive converted Ford Truck
Bantam #1
BRC-60
Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4.Bantam #1 & the BRC-60: The First Jeeps Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4.Bantam #1 & the BRC-60: The First Jeeps
Bantam BRC-40 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4 Bantam BRC-40. Early jeep design, from 1941. Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4 Bantam BRC-40. Early jeep design, from 1941.
Checker Bantam BRC-40 Bantam BRC-40 built by Checker Bantam BRC-40 built by Checker
Ford Pygmy Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4 Ford Pygmy. Prototype jeep design, from 1940. Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4 Ford Pygmy. Prototype jeep design, from 1940.
Ford GP Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Early jeep design, from 1941. Ford GP Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Early jeep design, from 1941.
Willys Quad Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Prototype jeep design, from 1940. Willys Quad Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Prototype jeep design, from 1940
Willys MA Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Early jeep design, from 1941. Willys MA Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Early jeep design, from 1941
  World War II Standard Production  
Vehicle Description Photo Link
Willys MB
Ford GPW
Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4 jeep (G-503). The standard World War II jeep. Willys MB Ford GPW Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4 jeep (G-503). The standard World War II jeep
Willys MB
Ford GPW
Ambulance
MB or GPW jeeps used as litter-carrier ambulance. See Military Ambulances
  After World War II  
Vehicle Description Photo Link
Toyota BJ Toyota Jeep BJ Toyota BJ Jeep 1953
M-38 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. jeep M-38 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. jeep
CJ-V35/U Marine Corps communications truck variant procured in 1950, based on CJ-3A. 1000 were produced.  
M-606
CJ-3B
Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Military version of CJ3B jeep M-606 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Military version of CJ3B jeep
M-38A1 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. jeep (G-758)
See also: M-170
M-38A1 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. jeep (G-758)
M-151 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. "Mutt" jeep (G-838)
Many variants including:
Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. M-718 Ambulance
M-151 Fast Attack Vehicle (FAV)
M151A1C Weapons Platform
M-825 Weapons Platform
M-151 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Mutt jeep (G-838)
M-170 Truck, Ambulance, Front Line, 1/4 ton, 4x4
Radio Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4 M-170C XT-2
See Military Ambulances
M-422
M-422A1
USMC Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. "Mighty Mite" jeep M-422 USMC Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. Mighty Mite jeep
M-718 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. M-718 Ambulance, variant of M-151 See Military Ambulances
M-825 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. M-825 Weapons Platform, variant of M-151A2 Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4. M-825 Weapons Platform, variant of M-151A2
J8 Jeep Chrysler Jeep Wrangler Unlimited J8 Chrysler Wrangler Unlimited J8

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