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US 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks in WW II

World War II was the first war in which massive numbers of trucks completely changed the equations of mobility for warfare. The production capability of the U.S. automotive industry poured out hundreds of thousands of jeep, trucks and armored vehicles. This made it possible for the U.S. and its allies to overwhelm the Axis with men and supplies, moving forward at a rate never before possible.

A U.S. Ninth Army GMC CCKW truck, just after crossing the Rhine River, March 1945
A U.S. Ninth Army GMC CCKW truck, just after crossing the Rhine River, March 1945.

Today in WW II: 1 Sep 1939 German troops, tanks, and aircraft begin Blitzkrieg attack on Poland, the start of WW II in Europe.   

American 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks in World War II

Particularly in Europe, where the land warfare was most suitable for mobility, the ability to maneuver and supply by truck was a decisive advantage to the Allied armies in World War II. Although the German Army had pioneered mobile warfare in the late 1930s, they never became motorized to the extent of the Allies.

Closed cab CCKW on a street in Detroit, MI, April 1943
Closed cab CCKW on a street in Detroit, MI, April 1943. Truck registration number is USA 4134998.

Although many vehicles were in use in World War II, it was the 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (the "deuce and a half" or just "deuce") that bore most of the load. There were three main trucks in this category:

These trucks had many differences in details, but had the same function, general dimensions, and external appearance. More information on each truck is provided below on this page. Photographs are available in the Military Vehicle Charts at the linked pages for the individual trucks in the list just above.

Reo US-6 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (G-630)
Reo US-6 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (G-630)

Continued on WW II 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks Page 2.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of World War II 2 1/2-ton cargo trucks at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

A 105mm howitzer is hoisted aboard a DUKW amphibious 2 1/2-ton 6x6 truck, using an A-frame crane on another DUKW, during problems staged at the Waimanalo Amphibious Training Center, Oahu, Hawaii, 1945.
DUKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 amphibious truck, climbing up sand bank after emerging from water north of Pier X, Hampton Roads, VA, 30 December 1942.
10th Infantry Regiment, 5th Infantry Division, cross bridge over the Sauer River into Germany, 1945.  Truck appears to be a GMC CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6.
GMC CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 cargo trucks, during WW II circa 1942.
Short wheel base GMC CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 truck carrying German POWs, Italy, circa 1944.
German shellfire scores a near miss on a CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 cargo truck, travelling on Highway 65 near Loiano, Italy, January 1945.

Recommended Books about WW II Military Cargo Trucks

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