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US 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks in WW II

World War II was the first war in which massive numbers of trucks completely changed the equations of mobility for warfare. The production capability of the U.S. automotive industry poured out hundreds of thousands of jeep, trucks and armored vehicles. This made it possible for the U.S. and its allies to overwhelm the Axis with men and supplies, moving forward at a rate never before possible.

A U.S. Ninth Army GMC CCKW truck, just after crossing the Rhine River, March 1945
A U.S. Ninth Army GMC CCKW truck, just after crossing the Rhine River, March 1945.

Today in WW II: 16 Apr 1941 Britain receives 1st American Lend-Lease aid shipment across the German submarine-infested Atlantic.  More 
16 Apr 1945 After an immense artillery barrage, Soviet Marshal Georgy Zhukov's troops advance from the Oder River toward the Seelow Heights defenses of Berlin.
16 Apr 1945 German troop transport Goya sunk by Soviet submarine L-3, with loss of about 7,000 lives.
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

American 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks in World War II

Particularly in Europe, where the land warfare was most suitable for mobility, the ability to maneuver and supply by truck was a decisive advantage to the Allied armies in World War II. Although the German Army had pioneered mobile warfare in the late 1930s, they never became motorized to the extent of the Allies.

Closed cab CCKW on a street in Detroit, MI, April 1943
Closed cab CCKW on a street in Detroit, MI, April 1943. Truck registration number is USA 4134998.

Although many vehicles were in use in World War II, it was the 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (the "deuce and a half" or just "deuce") that bore most of the load. There were three main trucks in this category:

These trucks had many differences in details, but had the same function, general dimensions, and external appearance. More information on each truck is provided below on this page. Photographs are available in the Military Vehicle Charts at the linked pages for the individual trucks in the list just above.

Reo US-6 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (G-630)
Reo US-6 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (G-630)

Continued on WW II 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks Page 2.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of World War II 2 1/2-ton cargo trucks at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

Red Ball Express convoy forming, France, 1944.  Jeep is followed by CCKW 2 1/2-ton trucks and other vehicles.
Truck, Water Purification Unit, Mobile, 2 1/2-ton 6x6.  GMC CCKW variant, used by the Corps of Engineers to provide mobile facilities for water purification, World War II vintage.
Art Treasures Returned:  One of the CCKW 2 1/2-ton trucks that transported the art treasures to Florence, Italy. The paintings had been stolen by the German Army and recovered by the U.S. Army and returned to the city of Florence, 23 July 1945.  Sign on truck reads:  Florentine works of art from Tyrol return to their home.
GM CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 Cargo Truck loaded with crates sits on a Detroit, MI street, April 1943.
CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 loaded with Army Nurses enters the town of Paestum, Italy, circa April 1944.
An M29C Weasel, followed by a DUKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6, both amphibious, on a mission to repair telephone lines on the main road in Kranenburg, Germany, 22 February 1945.  The four-foot deep floods were created by German destruction of dikes, used as a delaying tactic against the advance of Allied forces.

Recommended Books about WW II Military Cargo Trucks

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