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US 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks in WW II

World War II was the first war in which massive numbers of trucks completely changed the equations of mobility for warfare. The production capability of the U.S. automotive industry poured out hundreds of thousands of jeep, trucks and armored vehicles. This made it possible for the U.S. and its allies to overwhelm the Axis with men and supplies, moving forward at a rate never before possible.

A U.S. Ninth Army GMC CCKW truck, just after crossing the Rhine River, March 1945
A U.S. Ninth Army GMC CCKW truck, just after crossing the Rhine River, March 1945.

Today in WW II: 23 Jul 1940 American Bantam and Willys-Overland submit the only two bids for the Quartermaster Corps light reconnaissance and command cars, the origin of the military jeep.  More 
23 Jul 1941 Original World War II contract for jeeps awarded to Willys with Ford added Nov 1941 to increase production.
23 Jul 1945 Submarine USS Barb [SS-220] destroys a Japanese locomotive and supply train at Patience Bay off the coast of Karafuto, Japan, the only known such attack by a submarine.
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

American 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks in World War II

Particularly in Europe, where the land warfare was most suitable for mobility, the ability to maneuver and supply by truck was a decisive advantage to the Allied armies in World War II. Although the German Army had pioneered mobile warfare in the late 1930s, they never became motorized to the extent of the Allies.

Closed cab CCKW on a street in Detroit, MI, April 1943
Closed cab CCKW on a street in Detroit, MI, April 1943. Truck registration number is USA 4134998.

Although many vehicles were in use in World War II, it was the 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (the "deuce and a half" or just "deuce") that bore most of the load. There were three main trucks in this category:

These trucks had many differences in details, but had the same function, general dimensions, and external appearance. More information on each truck is provided below on this page. Photographs are available in the Military Vehicle Charts at the linked pages for the individual trucks in the list just above.

Reo US-6 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (G-630)
Reo US-6 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (G-630)

Continued on WW II 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks Page 2.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of World War II 2 1/2-ton cargo trucks at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 trucks hauling Engineer bridging equipment in flooded areas of the Moselle River, circa November 1944.
Freighter from North Africa, loaded with invasion supplies, unloads offshore from the Anzio beachhead into DUKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 amphibious trucks that will take the cargo to shore, 22 January 1944.
1942 GMC CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 cargo trucks, circa 1942.
Anti-Aircraft machine guns of Battery B, 51st Coast Artillery on alert for planes on recent maneuvers near Punta Salinas, Puerto Rico, November 1941.  Truck appears to be GMC CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6.
Truck-drawn 155mm howitzer, 1940 or 1941.  Appears to be early production soft-top International Harvester M-5-6, 2 1/2-ton 6x6.
Art Treasures Returned:  One of the CCKW 2 1/2-ton trucks that transported the art treasures to Florence, Italy. The paintings had been stolen by the German Army and recovered by the U.S. Army and returned to the city of Florence, 23 July 1945.  Sign on truck reads:  Florentine works of art from Tyrol return to their home.

Recommended Books about WW II Military Cargo Trucks

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