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US 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks in WW II

World War II was the first war in which massive numbers of trucks completely changed the equations of mobility for warfare. The production capability of the U.S. automotive industry poured out hundreds of thousands of jeep, trucks and armored vehicles. This made it possible for the U.S. and its allies to overwhelm the Axis with men and supplies, moving forward at a rate never before possible.

A U.S. Ninth Army GMC CCKW truck, just after crossing the Rhine River, March 1945
A U.S. Ninth Army GMC CCKW truck, just after crossing the Rhine River, March 1945.

Today in WW II: 25 Oct 1943 American and New Zealand troops land at Mono and Stirling, Treasury Islands, south of Bougainville [25-27 Oct].  More 
25 Oct 1944 First operation by the Japanese Kamikaze Special Attack Force: 55 kamikazes strike 7 carriers and 40 other ships, sinking six, off Leyte, Philippines.
25 Oct 1944 Battle off Samar [Leyte]: US Admiral Sprague skillfully prevents a loss to the stronger Japanese force under Japanese Admiral Kurita.
25 Oct 1944 Battle off Cape Engaño (Leyte): lopsided naval battle resulting in the loss of most of Japanese Northern Force to US Admiral Halsey's carrier planes and battleships [25-26 Oct].
25 Oct 1944 Soviet Red Army enters Kirkenes, the first town in Norway to be liberated from the Germans.
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

American 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks in World War II

Particularly in Europe, where the land warfare was most suitable for mobility, the ability to maneuver and supply by truck was a decisive advantage to the Allied armies in World War II. Although the German Army had pioneered mobile warfare in the late 1930s, they never became motorized to the extent of the Allies.

Closed cab CCKW on a street in Detroit, MI, April 1943
Closed cab CCKW on a street in Detroit, MI, April 1943. Truck registration number is USA 4134998.

Although many vehicles were in use in World War II, it was the 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (the "deuce and a half" or just "deuce") that bore most of the load. There were three main trucks in this category:

These trucks had many differences in details, but had the same function, general dimensions, and external appearance. More information on each truck is provided below on this page. Photographs are available in the Military Vehicle Charts at the linked pages for the individual trucks in the list just above.

Reo US-6 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (G-630)
Reo US-6 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (G-630)

Continued on WW II 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks Page 2.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of World War II 2 1/2-ton cargo trucks at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 truck, ETO, 1944.
CCKW 2 1/2-ton truck tows a 37mm antiaircraft gun, Battery C, 209th Coast Artillery Regiment (AA), First Army maneuvers in the Carolinas, fall 1941.
CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 cargo truck in camouflage paint and equipped with a machine gun ring mount, prepared for shipment from Pier 1, Norfolk Army Base, Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation, Newport News, VA, 27 May 1943. This vehicle accompanied the 45th Division when it sailed from HRPE early in June 1943 for service in Africa, Sicily and Italy.
US Army dump trucks roll bumper to bumper along an Okinawa road, carrying coral to be used in the construction of airstrip on Okinawa, 22 April 1945.  Most of the trucks appear to be GMC CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 dump trucks while the center truck looks like the heavier Diamond T model 972 4-ton 6x6.
Vehicle Processing Line at Norfolk Army Base, Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation, Norfolk, VA, 1 November 1944.  Truck to right appears to be GMC Model AFKWX-353 Truck, 2 1/2-Ton, 6x6 while truck in distance, left of center, appears to be a fire/crash truck.
The mobile 9Th Air Force Service Command carries its own giant gasoline storage tanks, France, mid-1944. The 10,000 gallon container on the right is made of steel, painted with a woodland camouflage pattern.  It can be dismantled and carted away on a truck. It takes a team of six men approximately three days to set it up for action at its next base.  Tanker truck at left appears to be a CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 with gasoline tank body.

Recommended Books about WW II Military Cargo Trucks

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