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US 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks in WW II

World War II was the first war in which massive numbers of trucks completely changed the equations of mobility for warfare. The production capability of the U.S. automotive industry poured out hundreds of thousands of jeep, trucks and armored vehicles. This made it possible for the U.S. and its allies to overwhelm the Axis with men and supplies, moving forward at a rate never before possible.

A U.S. Ninth Army GMC CCKW truck, just after crossing the Rhine River, March 1945
A U.S. Ninth Army GMC CCKW truck, just after crossing the Rhine River, March 1945.

Today in WW II: 24 Apr 1945 Retreating German troops in Italy destroy all the bridges over the Adige in Verona, including the historical Ponte di Castelvecchio and Ponte Pietra.   

American 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks in World War II

Particularly in Europe, where the land warfare was most suitable for mobility, the ability to maneuver and supply by truck was a decisive advantage to the Allied armies in World War II. Although the German Army had pioneered mobile warfare in the late 1930s, they never became motorized to the extent of the Allies.

Closed cab CCKW on a street in Detroit, MI, April 1943
Closed cab CCKW on a street in Detroit, MI, April 1943. Truck registration number is USA 4134998.

Although many vehicles were in use in World War II, it was the 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (the "deuce and a half" or just "deuce") that bore most of the load. There were three main trucks in this category:

These trucks had many differences in details, but had the same function, general dimensions, and external appearance. More information on each truck is provided below on this page. Photographs are available in the Military Vehicle Charts at the linked pages for the individual trucks in the list just above.

Reo US-6 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (G-630)
Reo US-6 2 1/2 ton 6x6 (G-630)

Continued on WW II 2 1/2-ton, 6x6 Trucks Page 2.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of World War II 2 1/2-ton cargo trucks at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup:

US convoy of CCKW 2 1/2-ton and other trucks, operating between Chen-Yi and Kweiyang, China, ascends the famous twenty-one curves at Annan, China, 26 March 1945.
US Army Services of Supply truck convoy starting across a temporary ponton bridge just after its completion in 1944. Built across the treacherous Irrawaddy River, this bridge was approximately 1,200 feet long and served as a link in the Ledo Road for the combat troops and supply vehicles. When the torrential rains ceased a permanent structure was built to handle the tremendous loads of the convoys going to China.  Trucks appear to be GMC CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6.
CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 cargo truck in camouflage paint and equipped with a machine gun ring mount, prepared for shipment from Pier 1, Norfolk Army Base, Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation, Newport News, VA, 27 May 1943. This vehicle accompanied the 45th Division when it sailed from HRPE early in June 1943 for service in Africa, Sicily and Italy.
U.S. Army trucks led by a CCKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 move inland from Omaha Beach, soon after the D-Day landings there. Note: Many other vehicles on the beach, .50 caliber quad anti-aircraft gun in the left foreground; barrage balloon overhead; USS LCT-305 on the beach in center, with a Rhino Ferry (RHF) just offshore to the right; and ships in the distance being positioned for scuttling as part of the Gooseberry artificial harbor.
DUKW 2 1/2-ton 6x6 amphibious truck, climbing up sand bank after emerging from water north of Pier X, Hampton Roads, VA, 30 December 1942.
Truck, Map Reproduction Equipment, 2 1/2-ton 6x6.  GM CCKW cab and chassis with specialized van body by Peter Wendel and Sons or McCabe Powers Autobody.

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