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Machine Gun, Cal. .30, M-1941 & M-1944, Johnson

Despite extensive work on machine guns in the years between the world wars, the only new design to emerge was the Johnson cal. .30 Model 1941 Light Machine Gun, from Johnson Automatics Inc. the company that produced the Johnson .30 cal. Semiautomatic Rifle. Col. Melvin M. Johnson, Jr., a captain in the Marine Reserve, was a gifted inventor whose company produced two models of the machine gun, the M-1941 and the M-1944, with only about 9,500 issued in total.

Marine in gas mask carrying M-1941 Johnson light machine gun, New River, NC, May 1942
Marine in gas mask carrying M-1941 Johnson light machine gun, New River, NC, May 1942.

Today in WW II: 28 Jul 1941 Oil agreement between Japan and Dutch East Indies suspended, part of a general order freezing all Japanese assets, pushing Japan toward war.  More 
28 Jul 1941 Soviet Union agreement with London-based Polish Government-in-exile invalidates the border negotiated with Germany and enlists Poles detained in the USSR for Allied armies.
28 Jul 1942 6000 Jews brought to pits by German SS and shot dead in Minsk, Belarus, a total of 30,000 slaughtered over four days of the Great Pogrom [28-31 Jul].
28 Jul 1944 Rapid Red Army advance through Poland overruns German defenses and captures Brest-Litovsk, Jaroslaw and Przemysl.
28 Jul 1945 B-25 Mitchell bomber, lost in fog, crashes into 79th floor of the Empire State Building in Manhattan, causing 14 deaths and extensive damage.
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

Johnson Light Machine Gun, Models of 1941 and 1944

The Johnson Light Machine Gun, Models of 1941 and 1944, were issued, like the Johnson .30 cal. Semiautomatic Rifle, primarily to the USMC and Special Forces including the joint Canadian-American 1st Special Service Force (FSSF) in the ETO. FSSF was issued the Johnson Machine Gun in 1943.

M1941 Johnson MG

The Johnson Light Machine Gun had a front blade sight and a rear folding aperture sight. The Johnson Model 1941 fired Army standard .30 cal. cartridges from a 20-round box magazine with a rate of fire of 400-450 rounds per minute.

The Johnson Model 1944 modification of the Model 1941 did not change the action but replaced the bipod by a monopod and had a tubular metal stock instead of wood.

M1941 Johnson MG

References for the M-1941 & M-1943 Johnson Machine Guns

The definitive book on the Johnson machine guns (and Johnson's rifle) is Johnson Rifles and Machine Guns: The Story of Melvin Maynard Johnson, Jr. and His Guns , by Bruce N. Canfield.

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