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M240 Machine Gun, 7.62mm
The M240 machine gun is a versitile light machine gun fielded in a number of configurations for the U.S. military and, as the Fabrique Nationale MAG, by armies around the world. Its mechanism is a direct descendent of the time-proven M-1918 Browning Automatic Rifle and the cost-reduced design minimizes use of machined parts. Even though a relatively new weapon, this heritage makes the M240 extremely reliable and well suited for its many military roles.
Characteristics of the M240 Machine Gun
After extensive operational and technical tests, the Army adopted the Fabrique Nationale MAG as the M240B 7.62mm medium machine gun, intended as a replacement for the M60 series machine guns. The M240 utilizes the 7.62mm NATO cartridge, same as the M60 machine gun and the M14 rifle. Used as a fixed machine gun, the M240 also replaced the M73/M219 7.62mm and the M85 .50 cal. tank machine guns.
The M240B is a ground mounted flexible variant of the M240/M240C/M240E1 coaxial/pintle mounted machine gun used on M2/M3 series Bradley Fighting Vehicles, the M1 series Abrams Main Battle Tank, and the U.S. Marine Corps LAV-series of Light Armored Vehicles. Another variant is equipped for aviation use as a door gun for rotary wing aircraft. This aviation version of the M240 will feature specific mounting configurations including ammunition storage, feeding, and collection designed specifically for aircraft use.
While possessing many of the same basic characteristics as the M60 medium machine gun, the durability of the M240 system results in superior reliability and maintainability when compared to the M60. A similar version of the M240, the M240G, is the standard U.S. Marine Corps medium machine gun.
Specifications of the Machinegun, 7.62MM, M240 Series
The Medium Machine Gun Tripod seen with the M240G is the MMGT(LW), a lightweight, man-packable, weapon mount and control that provides an accurate and repeatable means to aim and shift the fire of the M240G Medium Machine Gun (MMG). The MMGT(LW) consists of a tripod and a Traverse and Elevation (T&E) control mechanism.
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