The rifle has been the basic weapon of ground force infantry since the invention of the weapon. The carbine -- a lighter, shorter rifle -- is carried by specialized troops or officers. In modern military use, the selective fire automatic rifle has replaced earlier bolt action or semiautomatic weapons. This section of Olive-Drab.com covers all the important U.S. rifles and carbines as well as some from other countries.
World War II Special Forces ("Jedburghs") were dropped into France behind German lines in three-man teams during 1944 to assist the Allies. This Jedburgh, Lt. Jack Singlaub, has a .30 cal. M1-A1 folding-stock carbine slung across his chest, a compact weapon favored for parachute operations. 11 August 1944.
There is no category on Olive-Drab for so-called "assault
rifles". This really is not a distinct weapon in military terms, so you
will find various assault rifles (loosely defined by the media) under rifles
or sub-machine guns. To read more about what an assault rifle is and how they
came into use, go to Wikipedia.
Recommended Books about Military Rifles and Carbines
There are many fine websites that have additional information on this
topic, too many to list here and too many to keep up with as they come and go.
Use this Google web search form to get an up to date report of what's out there.
For good results, try entering this: military rifle or carbine. Then click the Search button.