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Joint Service Combat Shotgun
The Joint Service Combat Shotgun was a 1995 joint program to select and field a lightweight, semiautomatic, 12-gauge shotgun to replace pump action shotguns formerly in use by each of the military services.
Requirements for the Joint Service Combat Shotgun (JSCS)
The Marine Corps acted as the lead service for the program, with the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard participating.
The Combat Shotgun to be procured and fielded was required to satisfy the following operational and physical requirements described in the Joint Operational Requirement Document and further amplified in the contract Purchase Description:
Intended use of the Joint Service Combat Shotgun
The M1014 Combat Shotgun will be used by all the armed services for missions in all types of warfare to include the execution of security/interior guard operations, rear area security operations, guarding prisoners of war, raids, ambushes, military operations in urban terrain, and selected special operations.
JSCS Becomes the M1014 Combat Shotgun
In response to Solicitation # DAAE30-98-R-0401 issued by the U.S. Army Armaments Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) at Picatinny Arsenal, NJ on 4 May 1998 for the new 12 gauge, semi-automatic Joint Services Combat Shotgun, Benelli Armi S.P.A. of Urbino, Italy developed the Benelli M4 Super 90 Combat Shotgun System and submitted it for military trials.
In 1999 the Benelli M4 Super 90 was selected and the US military adopted it as the Joint Services Combat Shotgun, M1014. Some weapons experts found this choice disappointing, favoring a more versitile design that would be a combined pump and semi-automatic, an advantage with low impulse rounds that may not work a semi-automatic action. This approach was considered, and Benelli among others makes such a shotgun, but this was not adopted.
In November 2000, the Marine Corps received the first 400 of a planned procurement of 3,997 of the M-1014.
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