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Coast Guard Beach Patrol
Early in World War II an effort was mounted to secure the U.S. coastline by patrolling the beaches for saboteurs. This was based on a few actual incidents of German spies landing in rubber boats from submarines and of sightings of both German and Japanese subs. The duty was given to the Coast Guard who organized mounted and foot patrols along vulnerable sections of the coast, in communities such as Malibu, California.
World War II Coast Guard Beach Patrol Dogs
In 1942, the Coast Guard recognized that the use of dogs, with their keen sense of smell and their ability to be trained for guard duty, would help enhance the patrols. The Coast Guard eventually received about 2,000 dogs for patrol duties. The dogs and their trainers were schooled on the 300-acre estate of P.A.B. Widnener, at the Elkin Park Training Station in Pennsylvania. Others trained at Hilton Head, SC. The first dog patrols began at Brigantine Park, NJ, in August 1942. The dogs were so successful, that within a year, the animals and their handlers were on duty in all the districts.
The Coast Guard sent a team of beach patrol experts to China in 1944 to help train the Nationalist Chinese Army in the use of dogs and horses for patrol and counterinsurgency duty. A total of 21 enlisted Coast Guardsmen and three officers comprised the Coast Guard team and they trained over 500 Nationalist Chinese Army troops.
Book About the Coast Guard Beach Patrol
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