World War II Doris Miller, Hero of Pearl Harbor, 1942 Photo
This photo was taken on board U.S.S. Enterprise (CV-6) at Pearl Harbor by a U.S. Navy photographer on 27 May 1942. The occasion was the awards ceremony where Admiral Chester W. Nimitz presented the Navy Cross to Doris Miller, Mess Attendant Second Class, USN (1919-1943). Although the Navy was still segregated, Doris ("Dorie") Miller joined the Navy as a messman and was on board the U.S.S. West Virginia during the 7 December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. Messmen received no gunnery training, but during the attack, at great personal risk, Miller took over a weapon after another man was wounded and succeeded in hitting Japanese planes. The medal was awarded for that action.
This is the photo that was the basis for the Navy recruiting poster "Above and Beyond" featuring Dorie Miller, also available in this Olive-Drab.com Gallery.
Today in WW II: 5 Jun 1940 100 Wehrmacht divisions with 2000 Panzers plus massive air support attack France at four points, outflanking the static Maginot defenses and overwhelming the pathetic Weygand Line. More ↓
5 Jun 1941 During the Bombing of Chongqing, 4000 residents hidden in a bomb shelter tunnel are asphyxiated.
5 Jun 1941 German ammunition depot explodes at Smederevo on the outskirts of Belgrade, Serbia, killing 2,500 and injuring more than 4,500.
5 Jun 1944 In the night before D-Day, thousands of US and British paratroopers fly from England to jump over Normandy [5-6 Jun].
5 Jun 1944 In a black Halifax, Team HUGH departed England at 2300 hours, the first Jedburgh team to infiltrate into occupied Europe, landing on French soil early D-Day mcrning.
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