Today in WW II: 17 Jul 1936 General Francisco Franco stages a military revolt in Spain precipitating the Spanish Civil War. Nazi Germany supports Franco. More 
17 Jul 1944 Protected by the Royal Canadian Navy, the largest shipping convoy of WW II embarks from Halifax, Nova Scotia.
17 Jul 1944 Disaster at the Port Chicago Naval Magazine, CA, where the munitions ship SS E.A. Bryan, explodes killing 320, injuring almost 400 more, many of them African-American stevedores.
17 Jul 1945 Potsdam Conference with Truman, Stalin, Churchill [17 Jul-2 Aug].
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BARC Amphibious Craft

The BARC (Barge Amphibious Resupply Cargo) is a 60-ton cargo capacity amphibious cargo carrier, the heaviest of the amphibious lighters. It was later designated as the Lighter, Amphibious Resupply Cargo, 60-ton (LARC-LX) borrowing the name of the much smaller LARC. The BARC / LARC-LX is a wheeled vehicle that drives from the ocean or waterway onto a beach. It was the only amphibian in the Army inventory capable of landing on a beach through breaking surf.

The maiden voyage of the BARC was at Fort Lawton, WA, in 1952 followed by its first operational mission at Frobisher Bay in the Baffin Islands in 1956. Also in 1956, the BARC worked the beaches at Sondrestom Air Base, Greenland, and four others were used at Thule, Greenland in 1958, moving over 4,000 tons of cargo. BARC was used in Vietnam to transport wheeled and tracked vehicles, including beach preparation equipment and general cargo, from ship to shore or to inland transfer points. The last US Army company operating these vehicles was decommissioned on 15 October 2001.

Typical loads for the BARC would be one of or a mixture of:

  • 125 combat troops
  • 2 wheeled vehicles
  • 4 twenty-foot containers
  • 2 forty-foot containers

The BARC was deck-loaded on a commercial vessel or heavy lift ship for transport overseas. The U.S. Army had a peak inventory of 12 BARC vehicles.

Length 63 feet
Beam 27 feet
Draft (Full Load) 9 feet
Speed (Full Load) 7 knots
Crew 8
Cargo Capacity 60 short tons

The LARC-LX tires are nine-feet high, each with a 220-horsepower engine powering it. The four engines power the wheels and ramp on shore. They convert to turn the twin propellers and rudders when afloat. Two 300-gallon fuel tanks supply the engines.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the BARC at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup.

Barge Amphibious Resupply Cargo (BARC) Photo Gallery

BARC / LARC-LX on Vietnam beach
BARC / LARC-LX on Vietnam beach.

BARC / LARC-LX with cargo load including a 6x6 truck
BARC / LARC-LX with cargo load including a 6x6 truck.

BARC / LARC-LX on the beach with ramp in loading position
BARC / LARC-LX on the beach with ramp in loading position.

BARC / LARC-LX on display during the US Army logistics exposition PROLOG 85, Ft. Eustis, Newport News, VA, 13 May 1985
BARC / LARC-LX on display during the US Army logistics exposition PROLOG 85, Ft. Eustis, Newport News, VA, 13 May 1985.

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