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CH-3 Jolly Green Giant Helicopter

In 1962 the Sikorsky CH-3 (civilian Model S-61) was introduced, developed for the U.S. Navy as the SH-3, a twin-engine, heavy lift helicopter. The USAF initially operated six Navy HSS-2 (SH-3A) versions of the S-61 in 1962, eventually designating them CH-3A/Bs. Successful operations led the USAF to order 75 CH-3Cs, featuring a new rear fuselage design with a ramp for vehicles and other cargo. The CH-3C was updated with more powerful engines in 1966, redesignated as CH-3E.

The HH-3E / HH-3F helicopter is a modified version of the CH-3E Sea King, developed for aircrew rescue missions deep into enemy-held territory during the Vietnam War where the helicopter was best known as the "Jolly Green Giant". The first non-stop trans-Atlantic flight by a helicopter was made by two Jolly Green Giants between 30 May and 1 June 1967, flying from New York City to the Paris air show. During that 4,270-mile (6,832-kilometer) flight, which took 30 hours and 46 minutes, each aircraft was aerially refueled nine times, another innovation.

Beginning in the late 1960s, the CH-3 and HH-3 models were superseded by the CH-53 / HH-53 Super Stallion helicopters which were also called the Super Jolly Green Giant. The CH-3/HH-3 remained in service into the 1990s and even flew 251 combat missions during Operation Desert Storm.

The CH-3 could carry 25 combat-equipped troops, 15 litter patients for MedEvac or 5,000 pounds of cargo. Its crew consisted of pilot, co-pilot, and flight engineer with a pararescue specialist and/or flight surgeon depending on mission.

Today in WW II: 14 Jun 1939 Japanese blockade the British concession in Tianjin, China, a crisis which almost precipitates Anglo-Japanese war [Tientsin Incident].  More 
14 Jun 1940 German army seizes Paris as French government flees to Bordeaux.
14 Jun 1940 Auschwitz concentration camp receives 728 Polish political prisoners from TarnÚw, Poland, the first residents of the camp.
14 Jun 1941 Axis financial assets in the US frozen.
14 Jun 1941 Soviet Union conducts mass deportations from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, sending deportees to Siberia.
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

CH-3 Sea King / Jolly Green Giant Helicopter Specifications and Performance

Rotor diameter 62 ft.
Length 72 ft. 10 in.
Height 18 ft. 1 in.
Width 15 ft. 3 in.
Weight 22,050 max
Armament Two 7.62mm or .50 cal. mg
Engine Two 1,500 shp General Electric T58-GE-5 turboshaft
Maximum speed 177 mph
Cruising speed 154 mph
Range 779 mi. w/external tanks
Service ceiling 21,000 ft.

USAF CH-3E helicopter approaching landing zone in Vietnam jungle, Operation Pony Express, June 1968
USAF CH-3E helicopter approaching landing zone in Vietnam jungle, Operation Pony Express, June 1968.

U.S. Air Force CH-3 Sea King helicopter parked on the apron at Andrews AFB, MD, 1981
U.S. Air Force CH-3 Sea King helicopter parked on the apron at Andrews AFB, MD, 1981.

SH-3 Sea King of the Royal Air Force, during NATO exercise
SH-3 Sea King of the Royal Air Force, during NATO exercise.

HH-3E Jolly Green Giant
HH-3E Jolly Green Giant.

CH-3E Jolly Green Giant Helicopter
CH-3E Jolly Green Giant Helicopter.

CH-3E Jolly Green Giant Helicopter
CH-3E Jolly Green Giant Helicopter.

Thanks to r3dduk3 for proper id of several photos.