Today in WW II: 23 Feb 1942 Japanese submarine I-17 attacks a coastal oil refinery at Santa Barbara, CA. 17 high-explosive shells cause insignificant damage.  More 
23 Feb 1944 US forces achieve victory in the Battle of Eniwetok Atoll, in the Pacific Marshall Islands.
23 Feb 1945 US Marines from 28th Marines, 5th Marine Division captured the summit of Mt. Suribachi on Iwo Jima, after days of intense fighting. Without realizing its significance, Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal snapped the world famous Iwo Jima flag photo.
23 Feb 1945 Allied Forces cross the Roer River [Operation Grenade].
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

Truck, 5-Ton, 4x2, Tractor M-425 (G-671)

The Truck, 5-Ton, 4x2, Tractor M-425, and the very similar M-426, were built by International, Kenworth, and Marmon-Herrington during 1944-1945. The M-425 is International model number M-542-9; M-426 is model number M-542-11. Designed for line haul cargo movement, they were rated for a 30,000 lb. towed load.

During World War II, they pulled semitrailers in the ETO following D-Day in June 1944 through the end of the war. They later served during the Berlin Airlift, the Korean War and into the late 1950s.

The M-426 was an upgrade variant to the M-425, given a new model number instead of an -A1 suffix. Improvements included 11.00-20 tires (instead of 9.00-20) and heavier suspension. Many of the trucks originally made as M-425 units were remanufactured to the M-426 specification. Originally designed by International Harvester, there were minimal production differences between the over 10,000 vehicles produced by the three manufacturers.

Both the M425 and M426 used the IHC RED 450-D 125hp engine mated to a five speed transmission and two speed transfer case. Since operation was limited to improved roads, there was no front wheel drive.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the Truck, 5-Ton, 4x2, Tractor at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup.

Truck, 5-Ton, 4x2, Tractor Photo Gallery

Truck, Tractor, 5-ton, 4x2, M425
Truck, Tractor, 5-ton, 4x2, M425.

Truck, Tractor, 5-ton, 4x2, M425 with 25-foot semitrailer
Truck, Tractor, 5-ton, 4x2, M425 with 25-foot semitrailer.

T5 William Harold Cluff stands by an M425 Tractor at a 3rd Army post in Europe, 1945-46.  Photo courtesy Chandler Museum, Chandler, AZ, used with permission
T5 William Harold Cluff stands by an M425 Tractor at a 3rd Army post in Europe, 1945-46. Photo courtesy Chandler Museum, Chandler, AZ, used with permission.

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