USMC Landing Vehicle, Tracked (1)

The LVT(1) was directly derived from the Roebling Alligator, but fabricated from sheet steel instead of aluminum used in prototypes and with other improvement identified during Marine Corps tests. It was often called the AMTRAC for Amphibian Tractor.

LVT(1) AMTRACs from USMC 3rd Assault Amphibian Battalion, Bougainville (Solomon Islands), circa Nov 1943 to March 1944.  The battalion landed with 124 LVT(1) AMTRACs
LVT(1) AMTRACs from USMC 3rd Assault Amphibian Battalion, Bougainville (Solomon Islands), circa Nov 1943 to March 1944. The battalion landed with 124 LVT(1) AMTRACs.

Today in WW II: 3 Dec 1943 German Reichsmarshall Hermann Göring orders intensification of the Luftwaffe's bombing of Britain.  More 
3 Dec 1943 RAF Bomber Command raid on Leipzig, Germany, causes over 1000 civilian casualties [Dec 3-4].
3 Dec 1944 East African British colonial troops capture Kalewa, Burma, one of the main centers for river traffic south to Mandalay.
3 Dec 1944 US forces reach key European river crossings: US 9th Army st the Roer River and US 3rd Army at the Saar River.
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USMC Landing Vehicle, Tracked (1) (LVT(1) or AMTRAC)

The first LVT(1) units were not armored and carried no weapons, being used as logistic support vehicles only. At the Battle of Tarawa (November 1943), bolted on armor plate was used and the vehicles were equipped with one to four .30 cal. machine guns. The first production LVT(1) rolled off the Food Machinery Corporation's (FMC) assembly line in July 1941 and the last in 1943.

The LVT-1 was powered by a 6 cylinder, 146 hp Hercules engine that drove it at a land speed of up to 18 mph and water speed of 7 mph. The LVT(1) tracks were endless chains fitted with cleats, used both in the water and on land.

LVT(1) AMTRAC
LVT(1) AMTRAC on the beach, Tarawa, November 1943.

LVT(1) AMTRAC training at Hampton Roads, VA durng WW II
LVT(1) AMTRAC training at Hampton Roads, VA durng WW II.

LVT(1) AMTRAC exhibited by manufacturer (FMC) in 1941 parade, Lakeland, FL
LVT(1) AMTRAC exhibited by manufacturer (FMC) in 1941 parade, Lakeland, FL.

USMC LVT(1) amphibian tractors move toward the beach on Guadalcanal, probably during the 7-9 August 1942 initial landings.  Ship in the background is USS President Hayes (AP-39)
USMC LVT(1) amphibian tractors move toward the beach on Guadalcanal, probably during the 7-9 August 1942 initial landings. Ship in the background is USS President Hayes (AP-39).