Tank Destroyers were specialized units designed to engage and destroy enemy armor, opening the way for Allied tanks to exploit the gaps. In addition to the antitank role, the Tank Destroyers were used as mobile artillery for assault against prepared defenes and fortifications as well as antipersonnel. During WW II, tanks did not have sufficient firepower for this task leading to the concept of a separate tank destroyer platform. The M-36 series Tank Destroyers (called the Jackson) provided an increase in firepower vs. the M-10 Tank Destroyer.
The T71 prototype of the M36 Tank Destroyer was completed during March 1943, based on the M10A1 TD chassis with a new turret mounting the 90mm M3 gun. Following testing and correction of problems, in June 1944 the vehicle was standardized as the 90mm Gun Motor Carriage, M36.
M36 tank destroyer, 628th TD Bn., Rheydt, Germany, 1 March 1945.
19 Apr 1943 On the first day of Passover, 2000 German troops marched into the Warsaw Ghetto to round up remaining Jews but were attacked and routed by the residents. 19 Apr 1944 Japanese launch Operation ICHIGO, the first Japanese ground offensive in China since December 1941. Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.
Carriage, Motor, 90mm Gun, M36
Carriage, Motor, 90mm Gun, M36 (M36 Tank Destroyer) is a modification of the 3-inch Gun Motor Carriage, M10A1, designed to provide a more powerful self-propelled antitank gun. While the original development of the M36 Tank Destroyer was based on the M10A1 Tank Destroyer, high demand for the M36 combined with wartime shortages of donor hull and chassis as well as other limitations forced the creation of three variants:
All the M36 TD variants were called 90mm Gun Motor Carriages, armed with the 90mm Gun, M3 in the 90mm Gun Mount, M4A1, contained in a new turret with 3G0 degree power traverse and an elevation range of 30 degrees. The gun is equipped with a muzzle brake. The open top turret has a partial turret basket. Seats that traverse with the turret are provided for the gunner, loader, and commander. A driver and assistant driver had positions in the hull. Note that the turret was new production, but the hulls and chassis were cannibalized from existing vehicles.
To allow revision of interior stowage and ammunition arrangements (47 rounds of 90mm ammunition) and other differences from the donor vehicles, small chages to the exterior and interior hull, running gear and suspension were made.
Power for the M36 and M36B1 is supplied by a Ford GAA gasoline engine, with a cruising range of 150 miles. The M36B2 is powered by twin General Motors 6046 diescl engines having a cruising range of 200 miles.
Additional armament was a .50 cal. antiaircraft machine gun.
M36 Tank Destroyer (Carriage, Motor, 90mm Gun, M36) M2A1 Medium Tank Characteristics
20 ft. 2 in.
Height (AA MG folded)
8 ft. 11 in.
90mm Gun, M3 in Mount, M4A1 One .50 cal. machine gun on turret pedestal mount