Today in WW II: 16 Sep 1940 Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 signed by Pres. Roosevelt, beginning the military draft of US men aged 21-36.  More 
16 Sep 1941 German encirclement of Soviet forces in Kiev completed, to be followed by ruthless German attacks to annihilate the trapped Red Army troops.
16 Sep 1943 Malaya Zemlya enclave of Novorossiysk port on the Black Sea, after holding out against Wehrmacht for 225 days, liberated by the Red Army.
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M-59 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)

Over 6,000 welded steel hull M-59 and M59A1 APCs were produced from 1953-1960 by FMC as a replacement for the more expensive M-75 APC. The M59 was itself replaced by the M-113 APC in the 1960s.

The fully amphibious M-59 incorporated many cost-saving civilian components. However, its twin engines were underpowered for its 21 tons and difficult to maintain.

The M-59 had a crew of two and could transport a squad of ten. Its dimensions were 7ft 10in high, 18ft 5 in long. It could travel 32mph on the road and 4mph in the water. Amphibious capability made the M59 very versitile but it was limited to calm water.

The commander's cupola was armed with a .50 cal. machine gun. The configuration changed as the M59 evolved through several variants. Early M59s had a rotating mount for one M2 HB .50 cal. machine gun around the commander's vision block cupola. Mid-production M59s were equipped with periscopes instead of vision blocks, but retained the external MG mount. Late-production M59s were fitted with the M13 cupola, armed with an internally-mounted .50 cal. machine gun.

The M84 was the mortar carrier version of the M59, configured with folding hatches that could be opened to deploy the mortar.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the M-59 Armored Personnel Carrier at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup.

[Thanks to Jim Chorazy for help with this section.]

M-59 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Photo Gallery

M-59 APC
M-59 APC.

M-59 APC at the Texas Military Forces Museum, Camp Mabry, TX, 30 January 2006.  Photo:  Courtesy of Bob Pettit
M-59 APC at the Texas Military Forces Museum, Camp Mabry, TX, 30 January 2006. Photo: Courtesy of Bob Pettit.

M-59 APC at the Texas Military Forces Museum, Camp Mabry, TX, 30 January 2006.  Photo:  Courtesy of Bob Pettit
M-59 APC at the Texas Military Forces Museum, Camp Mabry, TX, 30 January 2006. Photo: Courtesy of Bob Pettit.

Detail of cupola on M-59 APC at the Texas Military Forces Museum, Camp Mabry, TX, 30 January 2006.  Photo:  Courtesy of Bob Pettit
Detail of cupola on M-59 APC at the Texas Military Forces Museum, Camp Mabry, TX, 30 January 2006. Photo: Courtesy of Bob Pettit.