Today in WW II: 2 Apr 1940 Soldiers of the Chinese Nationalist Army reoccupy Wuyuan after successfully ambushing some 3,000 Japanese troops.  More 
2 Apr 1941 German Lieutenant General Erwin Rommel starts a successful nine day battle to recapture Libya.
2 Apr 1942 USS Hornet [CV-8] leaves San Francisco with Doolittle's Raiders and 16 B-25 Mitchell bombers destined to drop the first American bombs on Japan.
2 Apr 1943 Hermann Göring orders every German adult to participate in anti-air raid civil defense, manning anti-aircraft artillery and similar duties.
2 Apr 1944 Near Lille, 86 French civilians murdered by Nazi forces in reprisal for partisan attacks by the Resistance.
2 Apr 1944 Red Army invades Romania to recapture its oil resources for the Allied cause.
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

M-75 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)

The requirements that led to the M-75 Armored Personnel Carrier were established in September 1945, looking for a fully enclosed 12-man squad vehicle to replace the M3 Halftrack. The new vehicle was based on the T43E1 cargo tractor. Tests in 1952 involving the T43 and T18 chassis led to the final form of the M-75, standardized in December 1952.

The steel hulled M75 used running gear from the M-41 Walker Bulldog Light Tank. It was expensive to manufacture and was too heavy for amphibious operations, factors that led to its early replacement by the M-59 APC, starting in 1954. Approximately 1,700 M-75 APCs were manufactured by International Harvester and FMC prior to the end of production in February 1954.

A small number of M75s reached Korea by mid-1953 where it was used by combat units.

M-75 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) Specifications

Length 204 inches (5.2m)
Width 112 inches (2.5m) over sand shields
Height 108.5 inches (2.8m) over cupola
Weight 41,500 lbs. (18,800 kg) combat
Road Speed 44 mph (71kph) max
Range 115 miles (185km)
Fording Depth 48 inches (120cm) max

The M-75 had a crew of two and could accomodate ten passengers in addition. It was armed with an M2 .50 cal. machine gun. More information at the Yahoo M-75 APC Group

M-75 APC.  Photo: Courtesy of Donald Roberts, Idaho Motor Pool
M-75 APC. Photo: Courtesy of Donald Roberts, Idaho Motor Pool.

M-75 APC at the Texas Military Forces Museum, Camp Mabry, TX, 30 January 2006
M-75 APC at the Texas Military Forces Museum, Camp Mabry, TX, 30 January 2006. Photo: Courtesy of Bob Pettit.

M-75 APC at the Texas Military Forces Museum, Camp Mabry, TX, 30 January 2006.  Photo:  Courtesy of Bob Pettit
M-75 APC at the Texas Military Forces Museum, Camp Mabry, TX, 30 January 2006. Photo: Courtesy of Bob Pettit.