Today in WW II: 21 Oct 1933 Germany gives notice of withdrawal from the League of Nations.  More 
21 Oct 1944 Aachen falls to American troops, the first German city to be captured.
21 Oct 1944 Allied ships experience the first kamikaze attack as a Japanese pilot suicidally flys his bomb carrying plane into the HMAS Australia off Leyte, Philippines.
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Universal or Bren Gun Carrier

The British Commonwealth forces in World War II fielded the Universal Carrier, produced and used in England, Canada, and Australia as the Universal or Bren Gun Carrier, as well as in the U.S. as the T-16. The unit was used to tow artillery and in various other support and transportation roles as gun carriage and general purpose light armor.

Five models were produced during WW II:

  • Universal Mark I: produced by Ford of Canada.
  • Universal Mark II: minor upgrade of Mk I.
  • T-16: U.S. upgrade with an additional road wheel, produced by Ford
  • Windsor: Canadian upgrade with an additional road wheel
  • Loyd: British variant produced in small numbers.

A pair of disabled Australian Bren Gun Carriers at Duropa Plantation, northern Papuan coast of New Guinea, after fighting in December 1942
A pair of disabled Australian Bren Gun Carriers at Duropa Plantation, northern Papuan coast of New Guinea, after fighting in December 1942.

Mark II Universal Carrier, at the Musée des Blindés (Armor Museum), Saumur, France, 2003.  Photo: Courtesy of Jeff Hollerman
Mark II Universal Carrier, at the Musée des Blindés (Armor Museum), Saumur, France, 2003. Photo: Courtesy of Jeff Hollerman.

Ford built 1944 T-16 Photo: Courtesy of Andrew Criswell
Ford built 1944 T-16 Photo: Courtesy of Andrew Criswell.