M3 Carl Gustav

M3 Carl Gustav
M3 Carl Gustav. Photo courtesy of SAAB Bofors Dynamics.

Today in WW II: 11 May 1939 Japanese begin attempt to seize Mongolian land to the banks of the Khalkin Gol River at Nomonhan, clashing with Soviet troops. More 
11 May 1940 Belgian fortress Eben Emael, on the Meuse River, reputed to be the most formidable stronghold in the world, falls to German Army glider assault.
11 May 1940 Luxembourg falls to the German army.
11 May 1940 On the night of 11-12 May, 1940 the Royal Air Force [RAF] attacked Mönchengladbach, Germany, the first Allied air raid on Germany of WW II.
11 May 1943 American troops invade Attu in the Aleutian Islands, beginning campaign to expel occupying Japanese forces [11-29 May].
11 May 1944 Allied Fifth and Eighth Armies launch long-awaited offensive, finally capturing Cassino and breaking the German Gustav Line [night of 11-12 May].
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

M3 Multi-Role Anti-Armor Anti-Personnel Weapon System (MAAWS)

The recoilless rifle went into decline in the U.S. military as anti-tank missiles were developed and fielded from the 1960s onward. Although the recoilless rifles were excellent, combat proven weapons they were considered obsolete. But with the rise of interest in MOUT and increasing importance of Special Operations forces, a new generation recoilless weapon has found a role in the U.S. military.

The M3 Multi-Role Anti-Armor Anti-Personnel Weapon System (MAAWS) known internationally as the "Carl Gustav", is a recoilless rifle fielded with U.S. Army Special Operations Command since 1990 and in use or under consideration by other units such as U.S. Navy Naval Special Warfare Command SEALS. It is a standard weapon in Sweden, where it was developed, and is in use by over a dozen other nations. The shoulder-fired, air jumpable, and swimmable M3 replaced the M67 Recoilless Rifle.

Multi-Role Anti-Armor Anti-Personnel Weapon System (MAAWS): M3 Carl Gustaf Rifle and family of 84mm ammunition
Multi-Role Anti-Armor Anti-Personnel Weapon System (MAAWS): M3 Carl Gustaf Rifle and family of 84mm ammunition.

The Multi-Role Anti-Armor Anti-Personnel Weapon System (MAAWS) consists of the M3 Carl Gustaf Rifle and a family of 84mm ammunition consisting of a High Explosive Anti Tank (HEAT), High Explosive (HE), High Explosive Dual Purpose (HEDP), Smoke, Illumination, Target Practice (TP) and Sub-Caliber Adapter training system.

The M3 Rifle weighs approximately 25 pounds and is 42 inches in length. The ammunition weighs between 7 to 10 pounds. The effective range varies from 200 to 1300 meters, depending on ammunition used. The M3 rifle and the ammunition are manufactured by SAAB Bofors Dynamics of Karlsoga, Sweden.

The M3 is crew served by a team of two, a gunner who aims and fires, and a loader who carrys ammunition and also provides cover fire. In addition to its primary anti-armor mission, it can attack urban and field fortifications, personnel, or soft skinned vehicles. Smoke and illumination rounds can mark targets, obscure the battlefield, or provide light.

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