Evacuation of battlefield casualties relied on stretcher bearers and horse drawn wagons until the advent of trucks during World War I. The motorized ambulance, and the all-wheel drive tactical ambulance in particular, was the first step toward rapid and effective evacuation of the wounded to life-saving care. Ambulance trucks were the primary means of evacuation until the maturation of the MedEvac helicopter in Korea and Vietnam.
An injured soldier is transferred from a U.S. Army medical transport train to a waiting WC-18 1/2-ton ambulance destined for Letterman General Hospital, San Francisco, CA, 1945. Thanks to jd.cwband for correct ID. Click for high-resolution.
5 Jun 1941 During the Bombing of Chongqing, 4000 residents hidden in a bomb shelter tunnel are asphyxiated. 5 Jun 1941 German ammunition depot explodes at Smederevo on the outskirts of Belgrade, Serbia, killing 2,500 and injuring more than 4,500. 5 Jun 1944 In the night before D-Day, thousands of US and British paratroopers fly from England to jump over Normandy [5-6 Jun]. 5 Jun 1944 In a black Halifax, Team HUGH departed England at 2300 hours, the first Jedburgh team to infiltrate into occupied Europe, landing on French soil early D-Day mcrning. Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.
Military Field Ambulances
The Army Medical Department's traditional battlefield mission of medical evacuation of sick, injured, and wounded soldiers from frontline units to hospitals in the rear relied on specialized ambulance trucks since World War I.
USMC jeep evacuates wounded from aid station to 1st Marine receiving hospital in Seoul, Korea, 1 October 1950.
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