Evacuation of battlefield casualties relied on stretcher bearers and horse drawn wagons until the advent of trucks during World War I. The motorized ambulance, and the all-wheel drive tactical ambulance in particular, was the first step toward rapid and effective evacuation of the wounded to life-saving care. Ambulance trucks were the primary means of evacuation until the maturation of the MedEvac helicopter in Korea and Vietnam.
An injured soldier is transferred from a U.S. Army medical transport train to a waiting WC-18 1/2-ton ambulance destined for Letterman General Hospital, San Francisco, CA, 1945. Thanks to jd.cwband for correct ID. Click for high-resolution.
Today in WW II: 18 Oct 1941 General Hideki Tojo becomes the 40th Prime Minister of Japan, serving until 22 July 1944 when he was forced out by the loss of Saipan. More↓
The Army Medical Department's traditional battlefield mission of medical evacuation of sick, injured, and wounded soldiers from frontline units to hospitals in the rear relied on specialized ambulance trucks since World War I.
USMC jeep evacuates wounded from aid station to 1st Marine receiving hospital in Seoul, Korea, 1 October 1950.
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