Military HMMWV Variants

The High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV, pronounced humvee) is not a single vehicle, but rather is a family of vehicles and platforms intended to be adapted to a wide variety of military missions. Since the introduction of the basic M998 utility truck in 1985, the HMMWV family has grown to meet new requirements and military challenges.

A1 variants entered production in 1992, with upgraded driveline components, heavy-duty rear springs, an improved brake system, a high-ratio transfer and 2.73:1 front and rear differentials. The A2 configuration included a new 6.5-liter, naturally aspirated diesel engine; an electronically controlled, four-speed automatic transmission; and a redesigned emissions system that met 1995 EPA standards. Other features enhanced user comfort, vehicle maintainability and performance.

1985 photo of an early delivery u.s. army m998 hmmwv with m2 .50 cal. machine gun and nato three-color camouflage paint scheme.
1985 photo of an early delivery U.S. Army M998 HMMWV with M2 .50 cal. machine gun and NATO three-color camouflage paint scheme.

Today in WW II: 10 Dec 1941 General Masaharu Homma lands Japanese forces on the Philippine Islands.   

High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) Variants

M1114 Up-Armored High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) leads a convoy from the 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment, 2nd Squadron (Saber), Lion Battery during Operation Iraqi Freedom, Ninewa Province, Iraq, 14 August 2005
M1114 Up-Armored High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) leads a convoy from the 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment, 2nd Squadron (Saber), Lion Battery during Operation Iraqi Freedom, Ninewa Province, Iraq, 14 August 2005.

Following the original series of HMMWV vehicles, the Heavy Variant (M1097 class) was added with a payload of 4,400 pounds to carry communications shelters and with enough towing capacity to serve as the prime mover for the M119 Light Howitzer. The Expanded Capacity Vehicle (ECV) uses the M1097A2 base configuration with a 6.5-liter 190hp turbo diesel providing payload capacity of 5,100 pounds, used for the M1114 up-armored HMMWV and other versions with payloads that exceed 4,400 pounds. The up-armored HMMWVs provide ballistic and blast protection, originally intended for military police, special operations, and scouts but rapidly increased in numbers for convoy protection in Iraq and Afghanistan. Gunner Protective Kits provide 360-degree protection for the vulnerable roof gunners.

The HMMWV A1 models have improved seating, upgraded electronics and M1097 components across the family. The HMMWV A2 configuration incorporates the four-speed, electronic transmission, the EPA compliant 160hp 6.5-liter diesel engine, new rear seats (similar to front seats used in A1 models), and other improvements.

Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the HMMWV at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup.

Table of HMMWV Model Numbers and Variants

This page lists the many variants of the HMMWV with their model numbers and a brief description. The list was compiled as of August 2005 and updated thereafter.

LIN M-Number Description Max Payload Max Towed Load
T05096 M966 HMMWV - TOW Carrier 2,149 3,400
T05096 M966A1 HMMWV - TOW Carrier 2,149 3,550
T38707 M996 HMMWV - 2-litter Ambulance 1,912 3,400
T38707 M996A1 HMMWV - 2-litter Ambulance 1,912 3,400
T38844 M997 HMMWV - 4-litter Ambulance 1,920 3,400
T38844 M997A1 HMMWV - 4-litter Ambulance 1,920 3,400
T38844 M997A2 HMMWV - 4-litter Ambulance 2,530 4,200
T61494 M998 HMMWV - Cargo/Troop Carrier 2,500 3,400
T61494 M998A1 HMMWV - Cargo/Troop Carrier 2,500 3,400
T92242 M1025 HMMWV - Armament Carrier 2,240 3,400
T92242 M1025A1 HMMWV - Armament Carrier 2,240 3,685
T92242 M1025A2 HMMWV - Armament Carrier 3,520 4,200
T92310 M1026 HMMWV - Armament Carrier w/w 2,113 3,400
T92310 M1026A1 HMMWV - Armament Carrier w/w 2,113 3,400
D1002* M1035 HMMWV - Soft Top 2-litter Ambulance 2,403 3,400
YA0252 M1035A1 HMMWV - Soft Top 2-litter Ambulance 2,403 3,400
D1002* M1035A2 HMMWV - Soft Top 2-litter Ambulance 4,200 4,200
  M1036 HMMWV - TOW Carrier Armored w/w 2,022 3,400
T07543 M1037 HMMWV - Shelter Carrier 3,460 3,400
T61562 M1038 HMMWV - Cargo/Troop Carrier w/w 2,373 3,400
T61562 M1038A1 HMMWV - Cargo/Troop Carrier w/w 2,373 3,400
D1180* M1042 HMMWV - Shelter Carrier w/w 3,340 3,400
D1159* M1043 HMMWV - Armamant Carrier 1,989 3,400
D1159* M1043A1 HMMWV - Armamant Carrier 1,989 3,400
D1159* M1043A2 HMMWV - Armamant Carrier 3,090 4,200
D1159* M1044 HMMWV - Armamant Carrier w/w 1,862 3,400
D1159* M1044A1 HMMWV - Armamant Carrier w/w 1,862 3,400
D1125* M1045 HMMWV - Armamant Carrier 1,962 3,400
D1125* M1045A1 HMMWV - Armamant Carrier 1,962 3,400
D1125* M1045A2 HMMWV - Armamant Carrier 3,036 4,200
D1125* M1046 HMMWV - TOW Carrier w/w 1,835 3,400
D1125* M1046A1 HMMWV - TOW Carrier w/w 1,835 3,400
  M1059 HMMWV - Smoke Generator Carrier    
T07611 M1069 HMMWV - Prime mover, M119 105mm Gun    
T07679 M1097 HMMWV - Shelter Carrier, heavy 4,400 4,200
T07679 M1097A1 HMMWV - Shelter Carrier, heavy 4,400 4,200
T07679 M1097A2 HMMWV - Shelter Carrier, heavy 4,400 4,200
F80012 M1109 HMMWV - Armored Armamant Carrier    
T61630 M1113 HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Vehicle 5,100 4,200
T92446 M1114 HMMWV - Armored ECV w/w 2,300 4,200
  M1116 HMMWV - Armored ECV    
  M1121 HMMWV - Armamant Carrier    
  M1123 HMMWV - Heavy Duty Cargo/Troop Carrier 4,400 4,200
  M1145 HMMWV - Heavy Duty Cargo/Troop Carrier    
Z00395 M1151 HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Armament Carrier w/o Armor (Base) 4,000  
T34704 M1151A1 HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Armament Carrier IAP/Armor Ready (w/AC) 3,350  
T34704 M1151A1 HMMWV - w/B1 Expanded Capacity Armament Carrier Armored (w/AC) 1,800  
Z00394 M1152 HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Enhanced w/o Armor (Base) 5,100 4,200
T37588 M1152A1 HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Enhanced IAP/Armor Ready (w/AC) 4,400  
T37588 M1152A1 HMMWV - w/B2 Expanded Capacity Enhanced Armored (w/AC) 3,340  
T38873 M1165 HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Command and Control/General Purpose w/o Armor (Base) 4,950  
T56383 M1165A1 HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Command and Control/General Purpose IAP/Armor Ready (w/AC) 4,270  
T56383 M1165A1 HMMWV - w/B3 Expanded Capacity Command and Control/General Purpose Armored (w/AC) 2,230  
  M1167 HMMWV - Expanded Capacity Vehicle (ECV) TOW Carrier    
  M1211 HMMWV - ECV2    
  M1212 HMMWV - ECV2    
  M1213 HMMWV - ECV2    
  M1214 HMMWV - ECV2    

* LIN with asterisk is USMC TAMCN, otherwise Army.

Recommended Books about the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV)

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