M-422 Military Jeep
The relatively rare M-422 Mighty Mite military jeep was designed by Mid-American Research Corporation (MARCO) and manufactured by American Motors to meet the need for a light, air-transportable jeep for the Marine Corps. It was upgraded to the M422A1 after a short production run of the M422 version.
M-422 USMC jeep at Camp Bruno Hochmuth (Phu Bai Combat Base), Vietnam. Photo: Courtesy of Lida Bensinger.
M-422 Military Jeep Description
Although design started in the mid-1940s, M422 jeep production records show 3,922 were built by American Motors starting in 1959 and ending in 1962. After a few hundred were built, it was replaced by the M-422A1 which was about six inches longer and had a few other improvements. With an aluminum body, independent suspension, differential-mounted brakes, and an AMC V-4 air-cooled engine, this unique, small jeep is prized by collectors. More photos on this page about the M422 jeep in the jeep section of the Olive-Drab.com Military Vehicle Charts.
Another version, the M422A2, was designed but there is no record of actual production. An M416B1 1/4 ton trailer was available for use with the M422.
Find additional photos and hi-res versions of the M-422 Military Jeep at the Olive-Drab Military Mashup.
M422 and M422A1 Characteristics
The M422 and M422A1 shared the AMC AV-108-4 4 cyl., 107.8 cid engine that developed 55hp at 3600rpm, mated to the New Process 4300, 4 speed transmission and integral single speed transfer case. Front and rear axles had locking differentials. The vehicles are rated at 1/4 ton for their 500 lb cross-country payload.
|Max Towed Load
||60 5/8 in
||59 1/2 in
||64 1/2 in
For both the M422 and M422A1, the 4 ply nylon tire size is 6.00x16 and the maximum authorized road speed is 55 mph. Both have the military standard 24 volt electrical system.
M422 and M422A1 Manuals
The manual set for the M422 and M422A1 1/4 ton trucks included:
- TM 9-2320-225-10 Operators Manual
- TM 9-2320-225-20 Organizational Maintenance and Repair
- TM 9-2320-225-35 Power Train, suspension, Brakes, Steering, Body
- SL-4-00882A USMC Stock List, Repair Parts List
The full nomencalture for this jeep is Utility Truck, 4x4, Lightweight, 1/4-ton, M422 (or M422A1). According to TM 9-2320-225-10 (1 April 1966), the M422 is identified by FSN 2320-546-3099 while the M422A1 is FSN 2320-753-0103.
M-422 Military Jeep on the Internet
The M-422 military jeep is rare, but popular with collectors due to its association with the Marine Corps and Airborne operations. Their reasonable size, ready availability of parts, and great off-road capabilities add to the appeal. There are some good websites and forums devoted to the M-422 military jeeps, some of the best collected on the linked page.
Find More Information on the Internet
There are many fine websites that have additional information on this
topic, too many to list here and too many to keep up with as they come and go.
Use this Google web search form to get an up to date report of what's out there.
For good results, try entering this: jeep m422 OR m422a1. Then click the Search button.