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Biological Warfare

The idea of biological warfare strikes fear into many people, probably its greatest advantage. Biological agents have never been an effective weapon of war, but many nations and aggressive groups have experimented with the concept and have weaponized biological materials. This Olive-Drab.com section provides factual material to counter the frequent hype associated with the threatened use of bio-weapons by terrorists or national armies.

Electron micrograph of Ebola virus. Courtesy of  Dr. Alan J. Cann, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
Electron micrograph of Ebola virus.
Courtesy of Dr. Alan J. Cann, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.

Today in WW II: 27 Oct 1939 In a radio broadcast to the US, King Leopold III of Belgium declares that Belgium is determined to defend its neutrality.  More 
27 Oct 1942 Wierzbnik ghetto in Poland liquidated by Germans, with mass killings in the square and about 4,000 deported to concentration camp.
27 Oct 1942 Aircraft carrier USS Hornet [CV-8], who carried the Doolittle Raiders to bomb Tokyo, damaged by Japanese attacks and sunk dufing Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, Solomons.
27 Oct 1943 American and New Zealand troops land on Choiseul, a large island near Bougainville.
27 Oct 1944 Allied offensive in Northern Italy halted due to stiff German resistance, Allied munitions & shipping shortages, troop exhaustion, lack of replacements, and worsening weather.
Visit the Olive-Drab.com World War II Timeline for day-by-day events 1939-1945! See also WW2 Books.

Biological Warfare Resources

Bio-Hazard Symbol
Bio-Hazard Symbol.

The American Medical Association has a series of Consensus Statements on the most likely agents for biological warfare and their medical and public health management. These are available by clicking on the links here:

The Department of Defense web site has a number of Information Papers available on biological warfare topics including:

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has an informative web site on biological terrorism as a public health emergency, how to prepare and respond.
This USAF website hosts a full text version of Battlefield of the Future: 21st Century Warfare Issues. Three of the chapters are on the subject of Biological Warfare.
The Air War College has a page of links to Biological Warfare information from the USAF Counterproliferation Center.
Ataxia: The Chemical and Biological Terrorism Threat and the US Response is a comprehensive research report that examines the many facets of the unconventional terrorism issue in the United States. Among other analyses, it examines the actual threat of terrorism involving chemical and biological weapons, including technical feasibility, statistical trends, and a re-examination of the 1995 Aum Shinrikyo sarin attack in the Tokyo subway system.
Japanese Germ War and Experimentation on Humans
U.S. Army Field Manuals. Large collection of manuals including Medical Platoon and Company leader's handbooks.
Basic information on chemical and biological warfare can be found in this section from How Stuff Works.
Tulane University has this page of web resources for Biological Weapons and Warfare.


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