The Joint Service Combat Shotgun was a 1995 joint program to select and field a lightweight, semiautomatic, 12-gauge shotgun to replace pump action shotguns formerly in use by each of the military services.
Marine firing the M1014 Joint Service Combat Shotgun (JCSC), Marine Corps Base Quantico, VA, 7 November 2003.
Requirements for the Joint Service Combat Shotgun (JSCS)
The Marine Corps acted as the lead service for the program, with the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard participating.
Lance Cpl. Centrell Harris, Provost Marshal's Office, engages s target with the Benelli M1014 Joint Service Combat Shotgun (JSCS) at the Beaufort County Range, SC, 24 August 2004.
The Combat Shotgun to be procured and fielded was required to satisfy the following operational and physical requirements described in the Joint Operational Requirement
Document and further amplified in the contract Purchase Description:
Capable of semiautomatic operation.
Capable of firing standard DoD 2.75-inch, 12-gauge No. 00 buckshot, and other shot shells and slug ammunition
Have a maximum effective range of at least 40 meters with the DOD standard 2.75-inch No. 00 buckshot ammunition, and 100-125 meters with slug ammunition.
Have a length up to 41.75 inches and be capable of reconfiguration to 36 inches or less
Weigh no more than 8.5 pounds (six pounds desired) unloaded
Be equipped with Low Light Level iron sights and a standard U.S. Military accessory mounting rail integral to the upper receiver, to permit use of other sight enhancement devices
Intended use of the Joint Service Combat Shotgun
The M1014 Combat Shotgun will be used by all the armed services for missions in all types of warfare to include the execution of security/interior guard operations, rear area security operations, guarding prisoners of war, raids, ambushes, military operations in urban terrain, and selected special operations.
JSCS Becomes the M1014 Combat Shotgun
In response to Solicitation # DAAE30-98-R-0401 issued by the U.S. Army Armaments Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) at Picatinny Arsenal, NJ on 4 May 1998 for the new 12 gauge, semi-automatic Joint Services Combat Shotgun, Benelli Armi S.P.A. of Urbino, Italy developed the Benelli M4 Super 90 Combat Shotgun System and submitted it for military trials.
In 1999 the Benelli M4 Super 90 was selected and the US military adopted it as the Joint Services Combat Shotgun, M1014. Some weapons experts found this choice disappointing, favoring a more versitile design that would be a combined pump and semi-automatic, an advantage with low impulse rounds that may not work a semi-automatic action. This approach was considered, and Benelli among others makes such a shotgun, but this was not adopted.
In November 2000, the Marine Corps received the first 400 of a planned procurement of 3,997 of the M-1014.
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